Role of robots in various industries and why industrial automation is important

By Atul Patil

Robotics is a major and very important component of industrial automation. The balance maintained in factories and workshops through the introduction of robotics and automation has transformed work processes and improved efficiency manifolds. The use of automation and robotics is transforming various industries in this advanced era. Robots are now an essential part of manufacturing processes in many industries due to the precision they provide and their ability to work for long hours without fatigue.

When industrial robotics projects first emerged, they brought confusion and denial. Automation is now widely used in many industries, from healthcare to agriculture, despite the fact that it was once more theoretical than practical in many of them.

During the first phase of this revolution, electric machines were introduced that performed repetitive tasks without fatigue. These robots have been used in the automotive industry and other similar applications. The second phase brought industrial robots which, in addition to performing basic tasks, also absorbed data to evolve and become better. Today, robots have revolutionized many important industries, some of which include:

1. Health industry: Healthcare is not only one of the fastest growing industries, but it is also one of the most developed sectors. Over time, it has grown rapidly taking advantage of new technologies and innovations, including robotic automation. A range of Robots is now specially designed for medical applications in environments requiring very low particle emissions such as the pharmaceutical, medical or semiconductor industries.

2. Automotive industry: Small robots and robotic automation are needed to meet the changing demands of the automotive industry, enabling leading two-wheeler manufacturers to create vehicles that are safer, more comfortable, environmentally friendly, efficient and prepared for the future. Due to their high accuracy and flexibility, some robots can highlight all aspects of the part, including quality assurance, haptic measurements, and assembly of complex components. These robots are capable of performing their tasks around the clock at full speed.

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3. Food: Compared to other sectors, the food industry makes selective use of robotics. But over time, this industry is growing at a very rapid pace and the diversity of possible applications such as picking and placing raw materials or processed foods, slicing, cutting, sorting, dispensing and many other activities would require nearby robots. coming. Given the stricter hygiene standards, some robots are able to trace the products and processes involved in their manufacture. These robots are an integral part of the ecosystem today and will be in the future as well. These robots ensure and guarantee quality even for sealing specifications and for food grade greases in accordance with the hygiene guidelines of the American NSF (National Sanitation Foundation)

4. Industry producing semiconductors and electronics

A multi-joint horizontal robot with a space-saving suspended installation mode is suitable for a wide range of applications, from precision assembly of small electrical, electronic and other components to inspections, high-speed transportation and processing. packaging. SCARA robots, drive products, power distribution and control products, computerized digital controllers, and a wide variety of other products and solutions provide better technical support.

The future of robotic automation

With Industry 4.0 in place, robotic process automation will gradually expand its footprint in other major industries as well as divisions of current industries, emphasizing their importance in the contemporary manufacturing process.

Importance of Automation in Industry 4.0

We are in the midst of an advanced industrial revolution that makes it possible to manage complex machines and processes much more efficiently and affordably than ever before. By reducing the need for human labor in redundant and dangerous processes, automation allows companies to focus on critical operations, energy consumption and safety. Due to the many technological changes affecting our industries, there is an urgent need for high-end and precise products that can only be met by high levels of productivity. Engineering systems, automated manufacturing, and industrial automation all play a role here.

Industry 4.0 and automation is currently taking shape through technologies such as AI, 5G, advanced automation, advanced sensing and many more which have dramatically changed how various industries operate and how their processes are executed. Automation in Industry 4.0 puts a strong emphasis on efficiency and optimization while significantly reducing the possibility of errors. In a manual process where the margin of error can reach up to 10% when humans do the work, an automated platform can reduce it significantly.

Why Industrial Automation Matters

In addition to discrete manufacturing companies, the following factors are propelling new market entrants into the industrial automation sector:

Cost efficiency: As automation requires less human intervention, it reduces production costs. Apart from this, the implementation of virtual and augmented reality, coupled with automation, helps to increase the productivity of business models and facilitate learning.

Competitive advantages: Due to the nature of industrial automation technology, production is continuous and operational 24/7. As a result, it provides competitive advantages in terms of increased productivity, capacity and process quality, while minimizing job errors and the cost of downtime.

Time reduction: Information processing time is reduced thanks to Automation 4.0. For the storage and management of data generated by the processes, the platform has a large capacity.

Flexibility and scalability: A human operator needs training because the industrial sector is dynamic and the tasks are constantly changing. The flexibility and scalability of robots and machines is maintained because they can be precisely programmed in a limited amount of time and are reconfigurable.

Maximized security: Machines may be assigned risky tasks by the production line that pose a significant risk to workers. For components, machines, people and systems, advanced security controls can also be implemented. With collaborative robots, the robot and humans can share a common workspace.

Monitored control: Automated processes are controlled, monitored, and recorded to generate the big data that helps identify patterns, improve operations, and implement changes to prevent future job errors.

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Automation is expected to grow at an exponential rate globally in the coming years, which will give a rapid acceleration to the growth and development of robotics in the industrial division. At the same time, India is embracing Industry 4.0 at a reasonable pace and has seen tremendous growth thanks to recent advances in automation. Industry 5.0 is a more recent trend that emphasizes immediate customer service, customization and the integration of humans and cobots (collaborative robots) to be proactive in the new model of industrial automation and adopt new technological advances.

(Atul Patil is Deputy General Manager, Marketing Dept, Factory Automation & Industrial Division, Mitsubishi Electric India. The views expressed in the article are those of the author and do not reflect the official position or policy of )

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