BEIJING, March 26 (Xinhua) — China’s people-centered philosophy has its roots in traditional Chinese culture, as evidenced by the idiom “Min Wei Bang Ben,” which means people are the foundation of the state. .
The saying first appeared in the “Old Text” version of the Book of History, an ancient classic in China. “Our ancestor Yu the Great warned: (a ruler) should maintain a close relationship with the people; he should not regard them as insignificant. They are the foundation of a state, and a state can only enjoy peace when its foundation is solid.”
During the Warring States period (475 BC-221 BC), people-centered thinking was developed by renowned Chinese philosophers like Mencius and Xunzi. This is how the “people first” thought advocated by Confucianism was born.
Mencius once said, “The essence of a state is the people, next come the god of the earth and the god of grain (which represent the power of the state), and finally the ruler.”
Xunzi compared people to water, and as one of his famous sayings goes, “Just as water can make a boat float, water can overturn it.”
The people-centered philosophy has run through Chinese history for thousands of years. In modern times, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has maintained its age-old philosophy of putting the people first, which is key to its success and future.
Under the leadership of the CPC, China seeks people-centered modernization. This is best exemplified by China’s massive poverty alleviation campaign and its handling of the COVID-19 outbreak, where concepts and practices such as “No one should be left behind” and “People first, life first” have been demonstrated. ■