Thursday, September 15, 2022
– 5:15 p.m.
Location: 247 Townshend Room
Summary: It has been thirty-two years since the Korean Council for Women Recruited into Military Sex Slavery by Japan started the reparations movement for victims of Japanese military sex slavery. The reparations movement has received strong support from international human rights organizations, many Japanese citizens, many American students, and many politicians in the United States and other Western countries. But the Japanese government has not yet solved the problem of “comfort women”. The major problem in solving the problem is whether the “comfort woman” system was sexual slavery or not. The Korean Council has convinced international human rights organizations, American students, and many legislative branches of Western countries primarily using public testimonies of Korean “comfort women” that the “comfort woman system” was sexual slavery. International human rights organizations and Western governments have sent harsh resolutions based on international laws to the Japanese government to solve the problem of “comfort women”. Key resolutions include the Japanese government’s recognition of the “comfort women” system as sexual slavery, sincere apologies and compensation for victims, punishment of Japanese soldiers and officials responsible for setting up and operating the comfort women system, and educational measures. so that Japan does not repeat the crimes in the future. But the Japanese government has refused to take responsible action, saying the comfort woman system is not sexual slavery. My lecture focuses on the following four elements: (1) providing the background information, (2) demonstrating that the comfort women system is sexual slavery, (3) summarizing the judgments of international human rights organizations on the “comfort women” system as violations of international law. , and their recommendations to the Japanese government, and (4) showing the Japanese government’s refusal to take responsibility.
Pyong Gap-Min is professor emeritus of sociology at Queens College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. He is also director of the Research Center for the Korean Community at Queens College. Her areas of research are immigration, ethnic identity, ethnic affairs, immigrant religious practices, and family/gender/women, with a particular focus on Asian/Korean Americans. He is the sole author of seven books, six of them focusing on the experiences of Korean immigrants in the New York and New Jersey area and the last focusing on the “comfort women issue” and the movement. of repair. They understand Caught in the middle: Korean communities in New York and Los Angeles (1996), winner of two national book awards, and Preserving ethnicity through religion in America: Korean Protestants and Indian Hindus across the generations (2010), winner of three National Book Awards. He published Korean comfort women: military brothel, brutality and the recovery movement in February 2021. His forthcoming book (December 2022), titled Transnational Cultural Flow from Home: The Korean Community of Greater New York, examines how transnational Korean cultural flow from Korea has helped Korean immigrants to New York to preserve and promote Korean culture to New Yorkers. His 14 edited or co-edited books include Encyclopedia of Racism in the United States3 volumes (2005), and Asian Americans: Contemporary Trends and Issues, the second edition (2006). He was a Fellow of the Russell Sage Foundation in 2006-2007. He received the Distinguished Career Award (only one of two Asian American recipients) from the International Migration Section of the American Sociological Association (ASA) in 2012 and the Contribution to the Field Award from the Asia Section and ASA Asian America in 2019. He curated a special issue of Journal of International Women’s Studies to critically assess Mark Ramseyer’s arguments for Japanese and Korean “comfort women” as commercial prostitutes in 2022. He received his bachelor’s degree from Seoul National University with a major in history, a master’s degree in history , the first Ph.D. degree in philosophy of education and the second doctorate. in sociology, all from Georgia State University in the United States.