Radical Philosophy http://radicalphilosophy.org/ Thu, 22 Jul 2021 00:09:51 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://radicalphilosophy.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/radical-philosophy-icon-150x150.png Radical Philosophy http://radicalphilosophy.org/ 32 32 Chippewa Middle School Welcomes New Principal https://radicalphilosophy.org/chippewa-middle-school-welcomes-new-principal/ https://radicalphilosophy.org/chippewa-middle-school-welcomes-new-principal/#respond Wed, 21 Jul 2021 23:19:45 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/chippewa-middle-school-welcomes-new-principal/

New Director Juliana Vissering has been Deputy Director at Chippewa for four years.

Juliana Vissering has been appointed principal of Chippewa Middle School in Des Plaines on Monday (July 19) Dist. 62 Meeting of the Education Council.

Vissering replaces Kermit Blakely who left the district this summer.

“I am so excited to be running Chippewa Middle School this school year,” Vissering said.

“I respect this learning community and look forward to collaborating with staff and families this fall.

A familiar face to many, Vissering has been an assistant principal at Chippewa Middle School for the past four years.

Prior to his arrival at Dist. 62 years old, Vissering was a math teacher at Evanston / Skokie School Dist. 65 for nearly a decade.

While there, she became a Certified National Council teacher in 2012. Prior to her stay in Evanston, Vissering worked in Chicago public schools and taught abroad in Mali, Africa.

“Ms. Vissering has contributed a lot during her tenure as vice-principal here at Chippewa,” said Superintendent of Schools Paul E. Hertel.

“She really takes care of the children and is eager to support families in a variety of ways.

“Ms. Vissering is a thoughtful educator who understands the roles we play in the lives of children,” said Hertel.

Vissering received his BA in Mathematics Education from Taylor University in Upland, IN, and his MA in Educational Leadership from North Park University in Chicago.

“I am honored to continue to work with the amazing staff, students and families of Chippewa in this new role,” said Vissering.

“I am delighted to build on the work already done by our school and to continue to move forward to make Chippewa an amazing place to work, learn and grow. “

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Cuomo, the La Guardia AirTrain and the art of the possible https://radicalphilosophy.org/cuomo-the-la-guardia-airtrain-and-the-art-of-the-possible/ https://radicalphilosophy.org/cuomo-the-la-guardia-airtrain-and-the-art-of-the-possible/#respond Wed, 21 Jul 2021 22:04:22 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/cuomo-the-la-guardia-airtrain-and-the-art-of-the-possible/

Photo: Office of Governor Andrew Cuomo

It’s official: Federal authorities have approved the La Guardia AirTrain, and the ground can be broken in a matter of weeks. It’s another victory for Andrew Cuomo, who has become far more of a steamroller than the real one. Governor Steamroller never turned out to be. Among Cuomo’s great infrastructure swings, this one is perhaps unique. It’s – more than Empire Station, more than the Second Avenue line, more than the new (and extremely promising) La Guardia Airport itself – a baby Cuomo, for the simple reason that very few people outside of La Guardia ‘Andrew Cuomo who care about a good transit think this is really the right thing to build.

Stipulated: La Guardia airport needs a rail connection. This has been true since it opened 82 years ago. In reality, getting to La Guardia or coming back from La Guardia by public transport isn’t as miserable as you might think – a short bus ride from the terminals gets you to train 7, so if the going goes as it should, you can be on the subway in 15 minutes and in Manhattan after another 20 – but, as has been widely noted, virtually every other major city allows you to catch a train to the airport. Almost all of them have what’s called a one-seater ride: get on the train at the terminal, get off in the central business district. The Giuliani administration has moved closer to extension of the metro to La Guardia, but the funding was withdrawn after the September 11 attacks. During this more recent push, around 30 rail networks were launched, most being extensions of the N, W, 7 or LIRR, many of them operating on the surface, often ending in an underground station at the airport. There were also a few new trains and trolleys on offer, including the AirTrain. Cuomo seems to have settled on this one a bit sharply, and perhaps thought he could unite his support. He had certain entities aligned with him, such as the Regional Plan Association, “Gridlock Sam” Schwartz, and News day ‘editorial page. The building trades, of course, love it, although they probably would have supported any other plan that similarly required heavy construction.

But the resistance has been savage. Both tabloids are against, and the Times, in his Times-y is the analysis of the news and not the opinion, reported on “concerns”. Also against her is Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, in whose neighborhood she will be built and who has joked to find oneself for once aligned with the To post. The same goes for Jessica Ramos, the state senator who represents the area around the train’s planned route.

This is, most likely, because it is a flawed plan. The La Guardia route apparently goes halfway to Great Neck, connecting to train 7 at Willets Point, before returning to Manhattan. (Ben Kabak, the excellent public transport writer known as Sagas of the second avenueIt’s nicknamed the Backwards AirTrain.) Its cost has quintupled from an initial $ 500 million to over $ 2 billion, or over $ 1 billion per mile. Its impact on the bay is not entirely negligible, and the Riverkeeper conservation group was able to delay the final FAA approval of the plan – if only briefly – by unearthing documents showing that the environmental review could have been skewed in favor of the governor’s plan. To be fair, an environmental argument can be made against virtually any construction plan, as well as a NIMBY argument. But the vast majority of people who study how we get around (minus the governor, who, say what you want, is clearly serious about public transit) seem to think that a metro extension is a better bet than this train. . Given that we only have one chance on this and will be stuck in it for a century, you’d think we’d go with a more direct and widely regarded plan as the best.

Why, then, is Cuomo so stuck on this, so willing to topple all the opposition rather than support a much more useful plan? One thing we do know about him is that he believes a lot in the art of the possible. We all make, to some extent, important decisions this way: at one end of the spectrum you have the fabulous solution that probably cannot be achieved, and at the other end you have the practical solution that is without. joy and not very good and cheap and can be achieved with hardly any effort. Indeed, sometimes we all choose a place somewhere along this continuum. Cuomo systematically chooses the thing he can do soon using the power within his grasp. He memorably demanded that the first phase of the Second Avenue subway be opened on time, whip his managers to do it before its deadline of January 1, 2017; the same goes for the Moynihan train room. (Both have made their deadlines.) The project supports its favorite image, that of neoliberal Robert Moses – a Moses without rank and unvarnished racism, one who nominally listens, at least a little, to the neighborhoods he affects. . (Although he plans to run rail tracks through East Elmhurst, he will probably never explicitly tell residents that sometimes you have to “make your way with a meat ax. ”)

Cuomo seems to have classified any plans that are smarter or more effective as unbuildable, for one reason or another, leaving him with that as the best solution he thinks he can achieve. Subway extensions cost several times as much as the AirTrain, which is probably why he looked elsewhere (although the cost of the AirTrain has swelled to the point that an extension of the N train would now cost maybe 50%. more than the AirTrain). Avoiding the Metro also avoids the MTA, a huge, sprawling organization that, although under Cuomo’s control, has entrenched requirements and habits that tend to make construction slow and expensive. Bus-only lanes, while promising and relatively inexpensive, do not have the panache or permanence of a rail line, and they typically require something (traffic lanes) with a dedicated constituency (car owners and parking lots) is withdrawn, while the railway line is new. Other stratagems touched various other points of physical or organizational resistance. In the traditional maxim “don’t let the perfect be the enemy of the good”, the AirTrain was the good, or maybe the good enough. You really wish we could do a little better than that for our $ 2 billion.

Given that this is almost certain to happen now, there is this consolation: New Yorkers have, collectively, learned to live with a lot of non-ideal systems. The metro itself is the most obvious example. It was built by three separate and competing private companies, merged and taken over by the government in 1940. No sane planner would have mapped out the maze of interconnections that make up, say, Times Square shutdown. We tolerate it; we made it work; and if we end up with a not-quite-ideal AirTrain that works until the 22nd century, so will we. “I want real projects rather than theoretical”, Cuomo Told journalists recently interviewed on alternatives such as the extension of the metro. “When the world is perfect, then I will.” AirTrain technology has also been tested in its Kennedy and Newark counterparts, and there it has proven to be pretty good. We know – Cuomo knows – that we can build it because we’ve already done it, twice. If he shows up and wins another term, he might still be there to cut the ribbon.

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Football: in the philosophy of Sayreville coach Chris Beagan https://radicalphilosophy.org/football-in-the-philosophy-of-sayreville-coach-chris-beagan/ https://radicalphilosophy.org/football-in-the-philosophy-of-sayreville-coach-chris-beagan/#respond Wed, 21 Jul 2021 22:00:00 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/football-in-the-philosophy-of-sayreville-coach-chris-beagan/

TAP in the news from another city:

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Beware of Biden’s Department of Education https://radicalphilosophy.org/beware-of-bidens-department-of-education/ https://radicalphilosophy.org/beware-of-bidens-department-of-education/#respond Wed, 21 Jul 2021 21:37:00 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/beware-of-bidens-department-of-education/

Last week, the Senate Education Committee held a confirmation hearing for a woman who arguably did more than any other government official to stoke the flames of America’s Cultural War: Catherine Lhamon.

President Joe Biden has appointed Lhamon to return for a second stint as assistant secretary in the Department of Education’s civil rights office. During his previous mandate, under former President Barack Obama, Lhamon transformed this office of guarantor of rights defined by law into an advanced operational base to enforce respect for liberal social dogma.

Senator Richard Burr of North Carolina, the leading Republican on the committee, described Lhamon’s track record as “deeply disturbing, if not downright disqualifying.” But he and his colleagues seemed focused on tackling the latest Culture War – on Title IX and allegations of campus sexual assault and abuse – rather than the Left’s Social Crusade of the Day: The Critical Theory. of the race.

Certainly, Lhamon’s track record on Title IX is worth examining. Under his leadership, the OCR forced colleges to adopt a new “preponderance of evidence” standard for investigating campus sex allegations – a standard by which critics left and right create a presumption of guilt.

When President Donald Trump’s Education Secretary Betsy DeVos issued a regulation with more emphasis on due process, even the Washington Post’s liberal editorial board admitted DeVos was absolutely right.

Yet Lhamon tweeted that the DeVos rules “take us back to the bad days, before I was born, when it was allowed to rape and sexually harass students with impunity”. When Senator Bill Cassidy (R-La.) Asked about this statement, Lhamon backed it up, stating that the DeVos rule “allows students to rape and sexually harass with impunity.”

Lhamon displayed a similar cavalier disrespect for evidence and due process on another key issue: school discipline. Under his leadership, civil rights investigations became tools of harassment to force changes in school policies. These investigations would only end when school districts agreed to adopt lenient discipline policies, despite evidence that leniency destabilized classrooms and increased violence.

After leaving the OCR, Lhamon was appointed to head the United States Civil Rights Commission, where she oversaw a report on disciplinary disparities. The report concluded that despite substantial racial disparities in school suspensions, “students of color as a whole, as well as by individual racial group, do not commit more disciplinary offenses than their white peers.”

The Washington Post noted that the citations in the report “offered no such evidence. A data set referenced in the report showed the opposite. Either Lhamon had a botched understanding of the evidence on an issue she has been working on for years, or she willfully spread disinformation through America’s First Civil Rights Commission.

GOP senators did not challenge Lhamon over school discipline. Nor did they ask about the issue at the forefront of the minds of so many voters: critical race theory.

This year, Biden’s OCR suspended a ruling that Illinois’ Evanston / Skokie School District violated the Title VI ban on racial discrimination when it separated staff by race, asked. teachers to treat students differently based on race, publicly humiliated white students based on their race, and taught that “whiteness” was a contract with the devil.

The action sent a clear signal that the OCR did not intend to enforce anti-discrimination law to protect white students or teachers.

An OCR led by Lhamon could do much worse than non-enforcement in the future. During his previous tenure at OCR, his modus operandi was to fabricate new interpretations of what civil rights law requires, then tell educational institutions that they could lose federal funding unless they do not “voluntarily” agree to adhere to these precepts.

No one should be surprised if Lhamon applied CRT, by forcing school districts to enter into “voluntary” resolution agreements that require “anti-racist audits,” mandates race-based professional development on teachers or stipulates the hiring of diversity consultants and staff.

Unless a Democratic senator decides to oppose her or abstain, Lhamon’s nomination is almost assured. The question is whether Congress Republicans will have the courage to exercise proper oversight and determine if – and how – she turns the Office of Civil Rights into the Office of Critical Race Theory.

Max Eden is a researcher at the American Enterprise Institute. Adapted from City Journal.

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Biden administrator promotes radical group pushing critical race theory in schools https://radicalphilosophy.org/biden-administrator-promotes-radical-group-pushing-critical-race-theory-in-schools/ https://radicalphilosophy.org/biden-administrator-promotes-radical-group-pushing-critical-race-theory-in-schools/#respond Wed, 21 Jul 2021 10:11:04 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/biden-administrator-promotes-radical-group-pushing-critical-race-theory-in-schools/

The Biden administration’s advice for reopening schools promoted a radical activist group’s manual that advocates that educators “disrupt whiteness and other forms of oppression.”

The Department of Education linked the Abolitionist Teaching Network’s “Guide to Racial Justice and Social and Emotional Learning” in its manual to help schools reopen after the COVID-19 pandemic and to recommend how they should spend the billions of dollars they collectively received through the US bailout.

The Abolitionist Teaching Network website includes links to various documents and media that include language often associated with critical race theory, although the group avoids using the exact phrase.

“Abolitionist teachers” should “[b]forge a school culture that engages in healing and advocacy. It requires a commitment to learn from students, families and educators who disrupt whiteness and other forms of oppression, ”the group says in its guide.


Critical supporters of racial theory have argued that the doctrine is not taught in public schools and that the complaints of opponents are exaggerated. But a number of the Abolitionist Teaching Network board members and associated activists are current or former educators pushing for race-related reform in public schools.

Abolitionist education network follows CRT dogma

While the Abolitionist Teaching Network’s mission statement is vague, its rhetoric elsewhere indicates that it aims to overhaul schools to prioritize racial awareness.

“The mission of the abolitionist education network is to develop and support those who struggle for educational freedom by using the intellectual work and direct action of abolitionists in many forms,” ​​the group’s website says.

But in documents referenced by the Education Department, the group describes how “abolitionist teachers” should guide students towards “abolitionist” social and emotional learning.

In addition to finding educators committed to disrupting whiteness, the guide says teachers should remove “any punitive or disciplinary practices that result in the murder of black, brown, and native children.”

The guide notes that social and emotional learning “can be a covert form of policing used to punish, criminalize and control black, brown and native children.” It also states that the norms for such learning are “rooted in Eurocentric norms” and do not “empower, love, assert or release” these children.

Social and emotional learning is essentially how people develop identities, emotional management, and various social and interpersonal skills, according to the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning.

The Abolitionist Teaching Network’s guide also lists the “demands” of abolitionist teachers, which include “[f]ree, anti-racism therapy for white educators and support staff. . “

The network “is not dedicated to creating new schools or reinventing schools, but to destroying schools that only harm black and brown children,” co-founder Bettina Love said in a welcome webinar .

Love also noted that the network “would create a national database of anti-racist school counselors, therapists and lawyers.” She said her group planned to pay her “activists in residence” to travel across the country and “go to schools or communities and do the dismantling work.”

“If you don’t recognize that white supremacy is in everything we do, then we have a problem,” said Love, who also chairs the board. “I want to be feared.”


Another co-founder and board member, Brandelyn Tosolt, described herself as a “white teacher educator”. She said during the webinar that she had “a significant history” of “trying to help other white teachers trouble their internalized white supremacy and anti-darkness.”

The abolitionist education network only started in 2020, according to its LinkedIn page. It is not clear why he was linked to the Department of Education guidelines, although Assistant Secretary Cindy Marten, while she was superintendent of the San Diego Unified School District, hosted Love, Fox News previously reported.

As first reported by Manhattan Institute principal investigator Christophe Rufo and confirmed by Fox News, Love hosted a diversity training for managers and principals in September 2020. During the training, Love said that schools do not view black people as human and are anti-black. Love also said that schools are “murdering in spirit” black students.

“Spiritual murder” is “a slow death, a death of the spirit, a death based on racism and intended to reduce, humiliate and destroy people of color,” Love wrote in a 2019 article.

Marten gave Love a glowing introduction to diversity training, Fox News previously reported.

Biden admin pushes fairness, promotes radical group

The US bailout provided $ 122 billion for the Department of Education to distribute to state agencies, which would then provide funds to local school systems. Local education agencies must use at least 20% of the funding provided to tackle learning loss through programs that take into account the “academic, social and emotional needs of students,” the bailout says.

The Department of Education handbook, which guides local school systems on how to reopen after the COVID-19 pandemic, contains hyperlinks to the abolitionist education network guidelines in one section.

“Schools are microcosms of society; therefore, culturally appropriate practices [and] intentional conversations related to race and social and emotional learning… are the foundation of participation in a democracy and should be foundational principles in building a system of school-wide educational opportunities », Says the manual, with part linked to the abolitionist education network.


The textbook’s introduction notes that schools now have the funding to help students affected by the COVID-19 pandemic “and for whom the pandemic has exacerbated pre-existing inequalities.”

“A district or school-wide approach… that responds to the trauma of COVID-19 and is grounded in equity can help all students feel seen and valued,” the manual continues. “It is important for educators to recognize that social and emotional skills can be expressed differently across cultures, especially as young students of color live, witness, and make sense of historic moments in American history and in their place in this one. “

Neither the Department of Education nor the Abolitionist Teaching Network responded to Fox News requests for comment.

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What to know for the next JCPS board meeting https://radicalphilosophy.org/what-to-know-for-the-next-jcps-board-meeting/ https://radicalphilosophy.org/what-to-know-for-the-next-jcps-board-meeting/#respond Wed, 21 Jul 2021 09:54:32 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/what-to-know-for-the-next-jcps-board-meeting/

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LOUISVILLE, Ky. – As debates over masks and “critical race theory” multiply and frequently merge, Kentucky’s next largest district school board meeting has the potential to be a perfect storm.

Jefferson County Public Schools have yet to release an agenda for Tuesday’s board meeting, but there are a few hot issues to be addressed at the last meeting scheduled before school starts on August 11.

As the aggressive COVID-19 Delta variant sends cases to the top, the seven-member school board will need to approve a reopening strategy that may or may not require masks for students – about half of whom are not old enough to be. vaccinated.

An introductory double credit Black Studies course to be offered with the University of Louisville has been in the works for months. Now all that is needed is for the board to approve, but its otherwise routine approval comes amid arguments over how race is discussed in classrooms.

The potentially contentious agenda comes a month after anti-racial protesters started yelling at the board, causing the meeting to be halted for 20 minutes and several people to be evicted by security.

It also comes after a man allegedly threatened JCPS superintendent Marty Pollio over the district’s recent mask tenure, prompting increased security during a council retreat last week.

JCPS will have beefed up security at next week’s meeting, a district spokesperson confirmed.

Background: Is Critical Race Theory the Same as Racial Equity?

Mask on, mask off, mask on?

Halfway between the lifting of a mask warrant on neighborhood properties and the first day of school, JCPS surprised families with an announcement on Sunday afternoon: masks were, once again, mandatory for unvaccinated students and staff.

Some parents became enraged at the sudden change, saying it was a subtle attempt to force children to get vaccinated against their parents’ wishes or saying that wearing a mask should be a choice.

Other parents have expressed quiet relief – about half of the district’s children are not old enough to receive the COVID-19 vaccine, with no alternative to in-person classes.

The response foreshadowed what could happen as JCPS presents its strategy to reopen schools to the school board. Masks are expected to be the flagship of the plan, although JCPS has yet to say whether they will require or simply encourage face coverings in the new school year.

Gov. Andy Beshear said on Monday that children under 12 are seeing an increase in infections at the same rate as other unvaccinated people.

Latest: Kentucky lawmaker under fire after comparing COVID-19 regulations to Jonestown cult leader

“The Delta variant causes more difficult, fatal and tragic results in young people, including children, than we have seen in any of the traditional strains or variants to date,” Beshear said.

Louisville health officials are monitoring several clusters of cases, including at a daycare center and a youth sports tournament.

JCPS ‘recent mask requirement, which was supposed to be in place until the school board vote, had little teeth without a solid way to enforce the policy aside from asking for proof of vaccination.

Recent state health guidelines noted that if a partial requirement was difficult to enforce, a universal mask warrant may be needed. The American Academy of Pediatrics then recommended universal masking for all people over the age of 2 in schools.

Opposition to hide mandates continues as the JCPS vote looms.

Let Them Learn, a Facebook group of parents that advocated for schools to reopen to in-person learning, launched an email campaign to oppose mask warrants shortly after the summer’s requirement was announced. JCPS last week.

Masks and vaccines should be a family’s choice, according to an electronic form shared with group members to send to school board members and state decision makers.

“The use of masks should not be seen as a quid pro quo for returning to full-time, uninterrupted in-person education,” a letter to Beshear reads.

The email ends with “‘WE WILL REMEMBER TOO'” – a play about the teachers’ rallying cry for “Remember November” and vote against former Governor Matt Bevin.

Doubling in the race

Days after Kentucky lawmakers tabled legislation to curb conversations about race in classrooms, JCPS Superintendent Marty Pollio emailed his boss, the school board.

“It is difficult for me to express how damaging I think this bill is and how disastrous it would be for schools across the state,” Pollio wrote in a June 6 email that The Courier Journal got it through an open case request.

If the legislation is passed next year, Pollio wrote, “any full discussion of the story would be nearly impossible.”

JCPS would “struggle” to offer any kind of black studies course, Pollio told the board, including an introductory dual-credit Pan-African studies course that more than 150 students are expected to take at. during the coming year.

This course could be on Tuesday’s agenda. The school board regularly signs new double credit agreements, but they are rarely threatened by state law and public outcry.

“If KY Republicans are successful, our class will be illegal!” Ricky Jones, who chairs U of L’s pan-African studies department, tweeted after a meeting in June with the initial cohort of teachers. “Damn, I’m happy to join this squad of education criminals!”

Notice: Republicans want to criminalize teaching students about racism. here’s why

This is different from JCPS’s Develop Black Historical Awareness option, which does not come with college credits.

An old copy of the guiding framework for this course, which teachers use to influence how they teach the class, referred to Critical Race Theory. As the term became distorted and politicized, district officials deleted the term from the document earlier this year.

When asked if Critical Race Theory would be mentioned in the new double credit course, district spokesperson Mark Hebert said, “The double credit course for JCPS students will be the same as the one that U of L students have followed and will continue to follow. ”

Jones wrote that in 25 years of teaching he “never taught details of critical race theory in ANY of my classes.”

The JCPS course manual does not appear to refer directly to CRT, one of the teachers said. About a dozen JCPS high schools plan to offer the course, either starting this fall or next year, the teacher said.

Contact Olivia Krauth at okrauth@courierjournal.com and on Twitter at @oliviakrauth.

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Cutting down on animal characteristics A main philosophy of Eid Al-Adha https://radicalphilosophy.org/cutting-down-on-animal-characteristics-a-main-philosophy-of-eid-al-adha/ https://radicalphilosophy.org/cutting-down-on-animal-characteristics-a-main-philosophy-of-eid-al-adha/#respond Wed, 21 Jul 2021 08:02:03 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/cutting-down-on-animal-characteristics-a-main-philosophy-of-eid-al-adha/ TEHRAN (IQNA) – An Indonesian Muslim has said that the slaughter of a sacrificial animal on the occasion of Eid al-Adha symbolizes the slaughter of animal characteristics of humans for the growth and development of their excellent qualities.

“The slaughter of sacrificial animals has several philosophies. First, by making sacrifices, we learn to sacrifice something in order to achieve something more meaningful. The spirit of the qurban still exists in every phase of human life. Successful humans must have had episodes where they sacrificed a lot while struggling. For example, sometimes we sacrifice the fun of playing to have time to study, ”Otong Sulaeman told IQNA in an interview, which reads as follows:

IQNA: What is the philosophy of Eid al Adha from an Islamic point of view?

Sulaeman: To understand the philosophy of Eid al-Adha, we must go back to the origin of the word, namely Eid, which means feast, and adha, which means slaughter of sacrificial animals. The activity of slaughtering sacrificial animals is the hallmark of Eid al-Adha celebrations, and because of this, another name for Eid al-Adha is Eid al-Qurban. The slaughter of sacrificial animals has several philosophies. First, by making sacrifices, we learn to sacrifice something in order to achieve something more meaningful. The spirit of the qurban still exists in every phase of human life. Successful humans must have had episodes where they sacrificed a lot while struggling. For example, we sometimes sacrifice the pleasure of playing to have time to study.

The second lesson of the massacre of the qurbans is more spiritual, or “irfani”. Every human being has the potential for good and evil. In the context of irfan, these bad qualities are often referred to as animal traits. Thus, the slaughter of a sacrificial animal has the meaning of slaughtering the animal characteristics of humans for the growth and development of their excellent qualities. The slaughter of sacrificial animals also teaches Muslims to be sensitive to the plight of the poor. According to Sharia, the person who slaughters the sacrificial animal can only consume a maximum of a third of the meat, and the rest must be distributed to others. Eid al-Adha always creates happiness for the poor who cannot buy and consume meat in their daily life.

The third is about trying to emulate the way of life of good people. In the story, the slaughter of sacrificial animals, which is a Muslim ritual of Eid al-Adha, is an attempt to imitate what was done by the Prophet Ibrahim, who Allah ordered to slaughter his son, the prophet Ismail. The slaughter of sacrificial animals has the spirit of emulating Prophet Ibrahim as a prophet who fearlessly fought in the face of injustice and hypocrisy.

Another lesson from Eid al-Adha concerns imitating the way of life of good people. The ritual of sacrifice is an attempt to duplicate what was done by Prophet Ibrahim when Allah ordered him to slaughter his son, Ismail. He followed the order but suddenly Allah brought goats to replace Ismail. So Allah just passed a test for Ibrahim, and he passed the test. Allah constantly tests us with various things throughout our life, ranging from wealth to sickness or hardship. But we must imitate Ibrahim; that is, whatever happens, always obey Allah’s commandments.

IQNA: How does this year’s Eid al-Adha differ from previous ones, given the coronavirus pandemic?

Sulaeman: Eid al-Adha celebrations since 2020 have been different due to the pandemic. The Indonesian government has specific rules regarding the implementation of Eid prayers and the slaughter ritual of sacrificial animals. We call it “zone rule”. In the “red zone”, where death cases from the coronavirus are still high, Eid prayers can only take place at home, not in mosques or open fields. The slaughter of Qurban animals is carried out at the slaughterhouse. Meanwhile, areas where the cases of spread and death from coronavirus are not too high or zero (we call it yellow zone and green zone) are allowed to do Eid al-Adha rituals like d habit by implementing health protocols. Basically, we celebrate Eid al-Adha, although in a different way.

Interview by Mohsen Haddadi

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Delaware once again rejects buyer’s efforts to invoke EAW clause | Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP https://radicalphilosophy.org/delaware-once-again-rejects-buyers-efforts-to-invoke-eaw-clause-weil-gotshal-manges-llp/ https://radicalphilosophy.org/delaware-once-again-rejects-buyers-efforts-to-invoke-eaw-clause-weil-gotshal-manges-llp/#respond Wed, 21 Jul 2021 00:11:50 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/delaware-once-again-rejects-buyers-efforts-to-invoke-eaw-clause-weil-gotshal-manges-llp/

On July 9, 2021, the Delaware Court of Chancery issued its final ruling determining whether a buyer’s attempt to invoke a material adverse effect (MAE) clause was effective in excusing the buyer’s failure to complete an acquisition of the target company as part of a signed merger. agreement. While the tribunal relied on well-mapped pathways to arrive at its determination that no EAW had in fact occurred, there are a few noteworthy takeaways, namely (a ) the apparently “unknown event” element of IBP, Inc. the theoretical foundations of the purpose of an EAW clause in general, is not a requirement inherent in the invocation of an otherwise carefully defined EAW clause, (b) the long-term importance remains a key ingredient for determine whether a significant adverse effect has occurred, (c) – withdrawals can eliminate the otherwise really significant negative effects of building an EAW and (d) the effectiveness of disproportionate effect exclusions of exclusions of the EAW depends on the industry participants who are used to make the disproportionality comparisons.

In Bardy Diagnostics, Inc. v Hill-Rom, Inc.., 2021 WL 2886188 (Del. Ch. July 9, 2021), the buyer of a target company, a medical device startup that relied heavily on the tariffs Medicare would pay for its main product, attempted to shut down its proposed merger with the target on the basis of its claim that the target company had undergone an EAW. The event that would have triggered the EAW was the reduction in Medicare reimbursement rates for the target’s primary product by approximately 86%. Although the rates were subsequently increased above the initial reduced rates, as a result of efforts by the buyer and the target to press for the change, the resulting rate increase was ” always less than half of the historical rate ”. In dismissing the buyer’s claim that an EAW had occurred due to Medicare’s reduced reimbursement rates, the court suggested a number of takeaways that are worth noting.

First, by responding to the target company’s argument that lower Medicare reimbursement rates could not be a EAW because “the risk of a change in reimbursement rates was not ‘unknown’ at the time the parties signed the agreement ”, the court recognized that in IBP, Inc., the case from which all of Delaware’s MAE law stems, then Vice-Chancellor Strine referred to an MAE clause as being “best read as a safety net protecting the acquirer from the occurrence of unknown events. “Nonetheless, echoing Professor Robert T. Miller’s argument,[1] the court suggested that, in context, what then Vice-Chancellor Strine referred to as “unknown events” was “unspecified risks or events”. And because in Bardy diagnosis, “The parties have structured the definition of the EAW to incorporate exceptions and exclusions to spread the risk” (unlike the EAW clause in IBP, Inc.), “[t]The Accord leaves no room for [the target company’s] argument that an “event” under the EAW of the Agreement can only be an unforeseen event. In other words, by identifying the specific risks and exclusions in the definition of AEM, there was no basis for invoking “the theoretical foundations of the typical AEM regime”. Instead, the ACM definition actually negotiated would be applied “as written”. If the parties wanted to limit the events likely to give rise to a significant adverse effect to only events unknown at the time of the signing of the merger treaty, the parties should have drafted the EAW clause “include only”unknown facts, events, changes, effects or conditions[;] [i]Instead]they chose to adopt a broad general EAW and qualify this language with a list of exceptions.[2]

Second, while the court was prepared to assume that the lower Medicare reimbursement rate “should reasonably have a material adverse effect on [the target company] at the time [the buyer] refused to complete the merger ”, the buyer failed in its efforts to prove the“ lasting significance ”of this material adverse effect because the court concluded, on the basis of expert testimony, that ‘there was a reasonable basis to assume that the repayment rate would be revised significantly upward within a commercially reasonable timeframe (i.e. over the next two years). And, “it is not enough to show the effect of [decreased Medicare reimbursement rates] strength be significant over time, because “a simple risk of ADE cannot be enough”.

Third, although the court could have completed its analysis there and ordered the buyer to close the transaction, the court further noted that the general exclusion of changes in the law (including “any law on care health care ”) specifically included Medicare reimbursement rates because they were a regulation or rule promulgated by a government agency or a“ contractor hired by a government agency ”. Therefore, even if the significant adverse effect caused by the reduced reimbursement rates had been significant over time, the exclusion of the changes in the law would have eliminated this significant adverse effect from the constitution of an EAW.

Finally, in order to determine whether the disproportionality exclusion was effective in eliminating the impact of the changes in the law, the court noted that the companies designated for comparison purposes for the purposes of the disproportionality exclusion were, according to the definition specific to the EAW fixed in the merger agreement, only the “other similarly located companies operating in the same sectors … as [the target]. “Although there were many companies operating in the same industries as the target company, only one company was operating in the same industries and was located in the same way as the target company, i.e. there was only one company that had relevant characteristics similar to those of the target company, which mostly included a ” product portfolio (ie range and relative sophistication of products) ”similar. And, compared to this one company, there was no disproportionate impact of the decline in the reimbursement rate; the impact was essentially the same.

Here, according to the court, the target company, “a one-product company that operates in a high growth and highly regulated market, … has negotiated a narrower and more targeted exclusion of AEM exclusions”. Importantly, as the court noted:

The EAW clause of the Agreement… did not delimit the scope of the “disproportionate impact” exception to companies operating in the same “market”. Rather, it required an assessment to determine whether the impact caused by “such a case” was “materially disproportionate” compared to “companies located in similar situations and operating in the same industries”. In my opinion, this language calls for a more granular analysis of the situation of a company than a simple participation in the [long-term ambulatory electrocardiogram device] market.

The English case of the MFA, Travelport Limited v. WEX Inc., [2020] EWHC 2670 (Comm) (Oct 12, 2020), previously alerted M&A practitioners to the importance of carefully defining the universe of comparative companies for the purpose of disproportionate exclusion.[3] And the importance of the exact words used in an EAW clause cannot be overstated.[4] As the court noted in Bardy diagnosis, “The words that the parties have agreed in their contact [is] the best proof of their intention.

Ultimately, proving that an EAW has occurred under Delaware law remains a heavy burden.[5]

End Notes (↵ return to text)

  1. Robert T. Miller, Material Adverse Effect Clauses and the COVID-19 Pandemic (May 18, 2020), U Iowa Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2020-21, 7, at no.30, available on SSRN here; Bardy Diagnostics, 2021 WL at * 23, n. 225. Given the extent to which Professor Miller’s work has been cited by courts, including in Bardy Diagnostics, practitioners would do well to note his overall theories regarding how AEM clauses should be analyzed. See Robert T. Miller, A New Theory of Material Adverse Effects (September 1, 2020), available on SSRN here.↵
  2. This approach to the concept of “unknown events” is also consistent with Vice-Chancellor Laster’s approach in Akorn, Inc. v. Fresenius Kabi, AG, 2018 WL 4719347, at * 60-62, * 76-81 (Del. Ch. 2018), confirmed, 198 A.3d 724 (Del. 2018) .↵
  3. In Travelport, the comparison companies to determine the applicability of the disproportionality exception to the EAW exclusions were not limited to the specialist travel-related payments market in which the target companies operated. With reference to “other participants from industries in which [the target companies] function ”as a control group for comparison, a much larger group of companies is included than would have been the case if the control group had been described as participants in the same“ competitive markets ”,“ market sectors Or “companies” as the target companies. And Judge Cockerill specifically suggested that future drafters clarify what they mean by “industry” to avoid the outcome in this case. In that case, the court interpreted the clause to mean the B2B payments industry, and not just the B2B travel-related payments industry.
  4. This is not the first time that we have had the opportunity to analyze the language of an MAE clause. See Glenn West, The MAE Clause, Mrs. Palsgraf and Events “Arising From or Related To” MAE Exceptions, Weil’s Global Private Equity Watch, May 11, 2021, available here.↵
  5. See Glenn West, Richard Slack and Joshua Glasser, Just Because Something Really Bad Doesn’t Mean a Significant Adverse Effect Has Happened: Assessment of the Latest Delaware MAE Decision, Weil’s Global Private Equity Watch, December 26, 2019 , available here.↵
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New Waverly Superintendent Has 100 Day Action Plan https://radicalphilosophy.org/new-waverly-superintendent-has-100-day-action-plan/ https://radicalphilosophy.org/new-waverly-superintendent-has-100-day-action-plan/#respond Tue, 20 Jul 2021 19:20:09 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/new-waverly-superintendent-has-100-day-action-plan/ The Waverly School District is under new management after former Superintendent Dustin Day resigned to a new position.

Andrea Guerrero enters the role after spending the last two years as a social studies professor at Washington Middle School in Springfield, although she has over a decade of experience in administrative roles.

“I didn’t have a traditional course,” Guerrero said. “I first left K-12 due to burnout. I then moved to the system (at the University of Illinois), working with the Illinois Online Network as a director.

Guerrero has also held positions as an English teacher, social science teacher, principal, and dean of students.

“As I was away from K-12, I realized I wanted to go back there, but I had to do it differently,” Guerrero said. “I decided I had to go back to my ‘why’ of being an educator. I have deliberately decided to go back to class in a grade 1 college. ”

Guerrero will now work to help improve the Waverly District after taking office on July 1.

“As I started my job, I realized that I really missed the connection with students, families and faculty,” she said. “After the second year of teaching, I decided that I had the opportunity to apply for administrative positions in order to maximize my talents, education and training.”

Although she is not from Waverly, Guerrero believes she will be able to relate to the community.

“The community itself attracted me to the position of Superintendent… Once I began to explore the option of applying for the position of Superintendent, I began to share my professional experiences and my own experience as a Superintendent. growing up and attending school in a rural community, and felt that I could truly be a positive leader for Waverly CUSD.

Guerrero received his BA in English from Western Illinois University in 1996, MA in History in 1997, MA in Educational Administration from Illinois State University in 2004, Specialization in Education in Educational Leadership from the WIU in 2011 and a doctorate in higher education. studies at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln in 2017.

One of the first things she would like to do in her role is improve communication, she said.

“During my years in higher education and in K-12 education, I understand the importance of communicating too much for people to be informed.” Guerrero said. “Also work to develop a relationship with the Board of Education. ”

Guerrero has posted a plan for her first 100 days as superintendent which can be viewed on the district’s website.

For Guerrero, one of the biggest challenges will be the changes coming due to the pandemic and its impact on schools and the community.

“Not only are we trying to move our school system forward, but we must always be prepared for this pandemic world we live in,” Guerrero said. “As a system, we need to realize that the education model of a year and a half ago no longer exists because new options and innovation have driven us forward last year. As we now have time to reflect on what worked and what didn’t, we are able to create a new model system that works for our community.

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“A much greater human destiny”: for Jeff Bezos, space travel is not limited to tourism https://radicalphilosophy.org/a-much-greater-human-destiny-for-jeff-bezos-space-travel-is-not-limited-to-tourism/ https://radicalphilosophy.org/a-much-greater-human-destiny-for-jeff-bezos-space-travel-is-not-limited-to-tourism/#respond Tue, 20 Jul 2021 17:02:55 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/a-much-greater-human-destiny-for-jeff-bezos-space-travel-is-not-limited-to-tourism/

Bezos’ company has made it clear since its founding in 2000 in Kent, Washington, that it is about much more than bringing tourists into space for a few minutes of weightlessness. It is about “building a road to space”.

“In order to preserve the Earth, Blue Origin believes that humanity will have to expand, explore, find new energy and material resources and move industries that stress Earth into space,” according to the vision statement of the society.

The New Shepard flight came just a week after Richard Branson, founder of Virgin Galactic, traveled to the outer reaches of space aboard the company’s SpaceShipTwo rocket plane. Flights are propelling a new industry that hopes to attract growing numbers of tourists to space, starting primarily with the wealthy who can afford the tickets.

But Bezos, a billionaire who made his fortune making Amazon a global online marketplace but dreams of space travel since childhood, said he almost religiously believes that sustaining the human race will require building. of space colonies – starting with the moon – where millions of people can live and work and develop new resources to meet growing demand on Earth.

He described them as “very large structures, for miles around, and they are home to a million people or more each.”

Bezos attributed much of his vision to the influence of the work and writings of the late Gerard O’Neill, a physicist at Princeton University, whom Bezos met as a student.

O’Neill argued in the 1970s that “we can colonize space, and do it without stealing or harming anyone and without polluting anything” and presented a vision of how “almost all of our industrial activity could be removed from Earth’s fragile biosphere in less than a century.

For Bezos, “it’s about industrializing space, moving all polluting industries into space,” said Howard Bloom, a board member of the National Space Society, who awarded Bezos the Gerard O’Neill Memorial Award in 2018.

O’Neill’s vision is “where did Bezos’ idea come from to turn Earth into a zoo for plants, animals and humans – and remove all industry from Earth -” added Bloom, founder of the Space Development Steering Committee, a coalition of space industry leaders and astronauts.

This ultimately means permanent settlements in space. “Bezos keeps alive the idea of ​​the O’Neill colonies which can be 20 miles in one direction and 1 mile around and which can have 500 square miles of land with forests, parks, farms and puppies, as well as cities, ”Bloom continued.

There is, however, a significant debate over whether what Bezos is considering is practical in the near future. If not at all.

“Bezos wants to take people away from this planet, so it’s kind of like a very visionary and altruistic prospect,” said Mir Sadat, who was director of defense and space policy at the National Security Council. “Some people who don’t like his point of view say he’s reckless or that it could never happen,” he added. “Others say” Earth has been around for billions of years and will be there for billions of years, so why is this guy doing this? “”

But Sadat, who is the editor-in-chief of the scholar Space Force Journal, believes a lot is possible in the not-so-distant future.

“If the economy and the scarcity of Earth’s minerals and the ability to maneuver safely in space evolve in the right direction, we will have homes on the moon within the next 10 years,” he said. .

In addition to the New Shepard, Blue Origin is building a series of other spacecraft and rocket engines to further Bezos’ vision.

For example, the New Glenn, a heavy transport rocket, is designed to travel much further and carry people into Earth orbit and beyond. “New Glenn will build a road to space,” the company said.

He is also leading the design of a suite of vehicles to operate on the lunar surface and deliver goods to the moon to support a more permanent human presence.

The New Shepard’s flight on Tuesday lasted only 10 minutes, including a brief period of weightlessness after the capsule crossed the Kármán Line, the internationally recognized space border.

The four-person crew included Bezos’ brother Mark, as well as Wally Funk, 82, one of the first NASA-trained Mercury 13 astronauts who was never able to travel to space before the cancellation. from the program. She is now the oldest person to have traveled in space.

Finally, crew member Oliver Daemen, 18, from the Netherlands, was the youngest person to travel in space.

The flight was the first of what Blue Origin plans to be in a series of human missions, including at least three more this year, as the New Shepard rocket and space capsule regularly take more civilians into space.

Advocates hope Blue Origin and Virgin Galactic flights will boost public confidence in private space travel. Blue Origin has repeatedly urged viewers during the flight’s airing on the company’s website to purchase tickets, which now number in the millions but are expected to be reduced to $ 100,000 as more customers line up. .

In the near future, “we hope to be in the thousands” of passengers, said Gary Lai, senior director of program management at Blue Origin, before the flight on Tuesday.

Those who have followed Bezos’ space ambitions closely over the past two decades also see Tuesday’s milestone as a big step towards his ultimate vision. He is known to think long-term and commissioned the construction of a 10,000-year-old clock.

Bezos and other pioneers of private space “are exploiting the mystique and exclusivity of space to eventually make it routine,” said Jamie Morin, executive director of The Aerospace Corporation’s Center for Space Policy and Strategy, a government funded think tank.

“They believe that the frequent launches that can accompany a secure space tourism market for the rich will help build a safe and reliable industry and infrastructure in support of a much greater human destiny,” he added. . “And maybe a profitable business, too.”

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