Radical Philosophy http://radicalphilosophy.org/ Fri, 03 Dec 2021 04:58:48 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://radicalphilosophy.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/radical-philosophy-icon-150x150.png Radical Philosophy http://radicalphilosophy.org/ 32 32 Washington High Leadership Class Showcase Flagship Projects from the W.Va. Ready Internship Program | Newspaper https://radicalphilosophy.org/washington-high-leadership-class-showcase-flagship-projects-from-the-w-va-ready-internship-program-newspaper/ Fri, 03 Dec 2021 04:00:00 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/washington-high-leadership-class-showcase-flagship-projects-from-the-w-va-ready-internship-program-newspaper/

CHARLES TOWN – The Washington High School leadership class got insight into adult decisions during a wrap-up project as part of the Alliance for Education’s West Virginia Ready Internship Pilot Program, in partnership with West Virginia American Water to learn more about balancing decisions when it comes to installing water pipes.

On Thursday morning, students in the class shared their wrap-up projects with representatives from American Water and representatives from school districts via Zoom.

The class of seven was divided into three teams, each facing a scenario regarding a problem with residential water pipes. The students then researched and determined the best way to solve the problem.

One group focused on a family needing to install water pipes, another on a newlywed couple, and another on an elderly widow struggling with a system already installed. Everyone was considering having the installation done by American Water, by the owner doing the installation himself or by installing a well.

“I thought it was very interesting,” said Ayden Parker. “Growing up here is not something I focus on, especially at my age. To learn about water and the processes behind all the different departments in their business, the choices I can have when I grow up and buy my own home, start my own family, it’s great to be educated on something i can use.

Each team balanced the pros and cons, and in the end, each American Water installation was the best fit for the situation.

Being pushed into research and teamwork through the project, this led the students to consider applications for the future, learn about water pipes, as well as teamwork and decision making.

“I make a lot of impulsive decisions so looking at the pros and cons of different options was really important and telling,” said Tyler Meisenzahl. “It was really cool, because these are decisions I’m going to have to make in the next five or 10 years, buy a house and maybe have to put my own water line or have to go to a business.”

The class met with representatives from American Water twice a week for about two and a half months, while the students worked on their project.

The class thanked American Water for their help with pricing and information sharing, which in turn led to projects that impressed company employees. One commented that the students gave presentations similar to the ones the company does every day.

“As one of the state’s top environmental business leaders, we believe in the importance of providing these types of educational opportunities to our next generation of water industry employees. and wastewater, ”said Robert Burton, president of American Water. “Our team believe education is the foundation for a bright future, and it is an honor to work with the Education Alliance to inspire students to explore STEM careers for the next generation in West Virginia. . “

The internship program was launched in 2019 when the Education Alliance began placing juniors and seniors as interns at companies in West Virginia to develop their career preparation. Washington’s partnership with American Water included company-led virtual shadowing internships, training modules, and mentoring calls, with students learning more about various career opportunities in the water industry.

“We are grateful to West Virginia American Water for partnering with us once again to provide career development and mentorship to students in this innovative program,” said Education Alliance President / CEO Dr. Amelia. Short. “By providing virtual observation and workplace learning experiences during the school day, the WV Ready internship program is truly a life-changing experience. I would like to thank Washington High School and West Virginia American Water for their collaboration in enabling students to become “WV Ready Graduates” who are ready to succeed after high school. “

The WV Ready Internship Program is made possible with support from the American Electric Power Foundation, Toyota Motor Manufacturing WV, AT&T Foundation and Steeley Foundation. To learn more about the program, visit EducationAlliance.org.

Readers ring the bell: Why Critical Race Theory is Necessary, Stolen Elections, and the Airlines’ Outlier Assumptions | first words | Orlando https://radicalphilosophy.org/readers-ring-the-bell-why-critical-race-theory-is-necessary-stolen-elections-and-the-airlines-outlier-assumptions-first-words-orlando/ Thu, 02 Dec 2021 18:50:46 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/readers-ring-the-bell-why-critical-race-theory-is-necessary-stolen-elections-and-the-airlines-outlier-assumptions-first-words-orlando/

¶ Rubio and Scott: “Stop finalizing the redistribution”

My name is Shirley and I have lived in Florida all my life. I was absolutely appalled at the boastful and arrogant propensity to cheat in the face to win shenanigans at work to keep some of us the people from voting. We know you are cheating and you know you are cheating. It’s like my mother used to say, if you lie you will steal, and if you steal you will kill. Unfortunately, we have seen lying, stealing and killing. What are you afraid of? You may even have the wrong votes !!

Senators Rubio and Scott, vote yes to pass the free vote law and stop struggling with redistributing the voting lines in constituencies. Moreover, what must die and be buried is the use of obstruction that prevents debate on proposed legislation for a yes or no vote.

Shirley Bryant, West Palm Beach

¶ “Thank you for enlightening”

I meant to say that I thought your reporting on the Orlando airport salary issue was fantastic. busiest trip in MCO ”, 24 November). I have never commented or emailed an organization on anything that I have read, but just wanted to let you know that this was an informative article. Thank you for shedding light on a problem of this magnitude.

– Mario A. Torres, Palm Coast

Aberrant assumptions of airlines

These days, it’s nearly impossible to make a plane reservation over the phone, unless you take a trip straight to the airport (and of course, that’s for those with vehicles). If you have to take an Uber, it can cost over $ 100 (round trip). For those with cars, the cost to get to the airport in either direction could be around $ 50, including parking. To imagine!

The airline industries assume everyone has computer skills, everyone has credit cards, everyone knows English. It is an aberrant assumption! What about immigrants with no English reading skills, no computer skills, no credit cards, no transportation and disabled, what are they supposed to do if they have to travel and visit loved ones abroad ?

Have these airline executives ever thought about it? Of course not! What happens to customer service, business ethics, societal courtesy or know-how?

– Eli Fleurant, Lake Mary

¶ Critical Race Theory: “Will it ever be painful? Sure “

I am writing this letter to highlight a real event that illustrates why Critical Race Theory should be a part of our education system.

In 2014, I attended an event in Southern California that brought underprivileged downtown youth to the beach for a day of water sports. This was my first time attending this annual event, and I was delighted to be there along with probably around 200 other volunteers. My role was to supervise and supervise a participant.

I was in a relationship with an African-American boy of about 10 years old. I myself am African American. While most of the other young people seemed to bond with their mentor quickly, the young man assigned to me was aloof and sought to avoid me during activities. After about an hour, I asked her if something was wrong. He looked at me and said, “My mom told me black men are not good. It was like a dagger, and for a while I didn’t know how to react.

When I asked him why he thought black men were no good, he told me that black men did not support their communities – that all he sees on TV are men. black men getting arrested – that all the stories he heard in school about black men were how poor they were compared to white men.

Apparently he hadn’t heard of any of the black inventors, many of whom had never made money from their inventions because they were prohibited from obtaining patents. I also told him about the Atlanta race riots of 1906, the Elaine massacre, the Rosewood massacre, the Black Wall Street / Tulsa massacre. I explained to him how the federal government sanctioned the construction of their road network through black neighborhoods, wiping out the wealth, opportunity and opportunity to make money in their neighborhoods. I explained to him how national real estate developers, the federal government, and federal banks colluded to create a red line, preventing black Americans from getting loans so they could move to better neighborhoods and create life. richness.

I also told him about the role and sacrifices of thousands of courageous whites who gave their money and their lives to make the country a better place for all Americans. I taught him that all white people – not even more white people – were racists, and that skin color was the last thing he should look at in a person. Ultimately, his perception of who he was changed from despair and failure to pride and hope. It was the best part of the event.

Today I hear parents say that critical race theory makes their children feel bad. Well, there are a lot of things that will make kids feel bad as they grow and develop. This is called life. Find the courage to teach them the truth. You are your child’s first teacher – teach. I did this with a young man who felt bad for being black, and he wasn’t even my child. It was not his fault that the founders of this country used their White Privilege Card of 1776 to systematically and “legally” destroy the freedoms of Indians, Mexicans, African Americans and the many immigrants who came to our country. ribs over time.

This great country has the opportunity to use education and history to unite its citizens. Will it sometimes be painful? Of course. Is it necessary? It is required!

– Douglas Hall, Orlando

Send bouquets and brickbats to feedback@orlandoweekly.com.

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Germany’s experience in political philosophy | Opinion https://radicalphilosophy.org/germanys-experience-in-political-philosophy-opinion/ Thu, 02 Dec 2021 10:55:00 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/germanys-experience-in-political-philosophy-opinion/

Speaking in the aftermath of the German federal elections in September, Olaf Scholz said his Social Democrats (SPD) gains were a mandate for a “social, ecological, liberal” government. It was a curious phrase from the dry and lackluster former mayor of Hamburg. Could a government really combine these three distinct politico-philosophical traditions? Are there not tensions between and within them? Where is the common ground that unites them?

In fact, the commentary was only an expression of political reality. As in many other European countries, including Spain, the political landscape in Germany is becoming fragmented. Although the Social Democrats made unexpected gains, the elections left them near their historic lows and with too few MPs to govern solely with their preferred partners, the Greens. Neither could the Christian Democrats, an alliance of outgoing Chancellor Angela Merkel, form a bipartisan government with their preferred partners, the Liberal Democratic Party (FDP). Scholz knew that her best chance of succeeding Merkel as Chancellor was to build a radical tripartite government of her Social Democrats, Greens and Liberals – the first such national government in European history.

Known as the “traffic light coalition” because the colors of the three parties are red, green and yellow, it is precisely the government which, after two months of negotiations, will now take over the most. large economy of Europe. In the week of December 6, Merkel will step down after 16 years as Chancellor. Scholz will replace her. And so will begin a fascinating experience combining the strengths and visions of social democracy, environmentalism and liberalism. The age of traffic lights is dawning in Germany. If this leads to success, it will be a powerful role model for progressives across Europe.

We are living in a time of crisis: new social divides, pandemic, climate emergency. No ideological school of thought has a monopoly on the answers to these challenges.

Political arithmetic is not the only reason for this coalition. Personalities also make it possible. Scholz is a sort of liberal Social Democrat, who has ruled his port city with pragmatic competence and has been federal finance minister under Merkel for the past three years. The two leaders of the Greens, Annalena Baerbock and Robert Habeck, are both centrists. Liberal leader Christian Lindner is economically right-wing, but also a libertarian whose instincts for individual freedoms align with the left. Together, they presented their coalition deal in Berlin on November 24 – already looking like a government, already like a team.

The involvement of the liberals worries some European partners like Emmanuel Macron. Lindner has already supported Greece’s expulsion from the common currency, has spoken out in favor of a strict stability and growth pact for the eurozone, and opposes European taxes. He will be Minister of Finance under Scholz (Baerbock becomes Minister of Foreign Affairs, Habeck Minister of Economy). Yet the coalition agreement does not rule out a progressive macroeconomics as some feared. It allows for an increase in German domestic investment through special agencies and investment vehicles, and uses open language about the “development” of euro area fiscal rules.

Each party inscribes its main priorities in the coalition agreement. The Social Democrats obtain an increase in the minimum wage from € 9.60 to € 12, stable pensions and the construction of 400,000 new homes. Greens aim to end coal-fired electricity and 80% renewable energy by 2030. FDP secures new tax incentives for businesses and protection of Germany’s constitutional debt brake , which limits deficit spending.

But what is encouraging about the document is that it is not simply a list of the lowest common denominators. Rather, it is a coherent vision of a common project combining the strengths of all three parties. Merkel’s governments brought stability and maturity, but were too cautious and left Germany in need of modernization. This is the mission that the new coalition has set for itself: to lead the country into the future. The title of the coalition agreement is “Dare More Progress”, a reference to Social Democratic Chancellor Willy Brandt’s slogan “Dare More Democracy”.

This progress takes two main forms. First, a bold liberalization of social policy. The traffic light coalition will lower the voting age to 16, legalize cannabis, allow doctors to provide information about abortion services (currently not permitted), and facilitate self-identification for trans people. Most striking is the openness of German identity: citizenship will soon be available to migrants five years after arrival, or in some cases three years, and the new government will end the current ban on dual citizenship. .

Second, there is a major impetus for physical modernization in a “decade of investment”. Germany’s infrastructure is surprisingly poor for such a prosperous country: the Internet is slow; roads, railways and bridges are often in poor condition; and the deployment of renewable energies is slow. The coalition deal includes ways to fund major new investments and make better use of public spending, for example, both by consolidating budgets and encouraging more private initiatives in digital infrastructure.

A new “social-ecological-liberal” policy, if successfully launched in Germany, will be a powerful example of how to navigate the realities of our times of crisis.

Time will tell if the traffic light groups will work well together. Many of the new Social Democratic MPs are young and from the left of the party. Will they really come to an agreement with a Liberal finance minister? Differences in foreign policy, between the Social Democrats ‘focus on exports and the Greens’ focus on human rights, will they provoke conflicts on subjects like China? In addition, the coalition agreement leaves certain things open for debate, such as the German position on euro area fiscal rules. But the spirit is positive: the leaders of the three parties speak of the need for compromise and cooperation. In the policies they announced, they have a serious common mission with real potential to move the country forward.

If the new coalition is successful, it will resonate well beyond Germany’s borders. We are living in a time of crisis: new social fractures, the pandemic, the climate emergency, technological and economic upheavals, the harsh new geopolitical realities. No ideological school of thought has a monopoly on responses to these challenges; no political philosophical tradition has a unique right to the mantle of progressivism. A new “social-ecological-liberal” policy, if successfully launched in Germany, will be a powerful example of how to navigate these realities.

After all, different philosophies need each other. Social democracy depends on a dynamic private sector, the virtues of liberalism, for shared prosperity. A strong social-liberal economy must also value the non-material wealth – clean air, climate security, quality of life, civil liberties – associated with the green political tradition. Environmentalism in turn needs the liberal spirit that will create the new clean technologies needed to stop climate change. For their part, liberalism and ecology both have an indispensable partner in social democracy: neither a fluid market economy nor ambitious environmental action can succeed in societies torn between rich and poor, insiders and outsiders, winners. and losers.

It is difficult to imagine our democratic societies up to the challenges of the coming decades without an ingenious fusion of the cohesion brought about by social democracy, the commitment to drastic climate action and a healthier society brought about by the green tradition and the innovation and openness brought about by liberalism. They are mutually reinforcing and all three are needed. This is what makes the political experience about to take power in Berlin so exciting. He can triumph, he can fail. But in any case, the new German Petri dish deserves special attention.

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Artificial intelligence Enters "in the field of mathematics-Mis-aisa-The latest news, technology, industry, environment, low carbon emissions, resources and innovations. https://radicalphilosophy.org/artificial-intelligence-enters-%ef%bc%82in-the-field-of-mathematics-mis-aisa-the-latest-news-technology-industry-environment-low-carbon-emissions-resources-and-innovations/ Thu, 02 Dec 2021 02:34:04 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/artificial-intelligence-enters-%ef%bc%82in-the-field-of-mathematics-mis-aisa-the-latest-news-technology-industry-environment-low-carbon-emissions-resources-and-innovations/ Artificial intelligence “enters” the field of mathematics

The UK magazine “Nature” 1st published a machine learning framework that can help mathematicians discover new conjectures and theorems. The framework was developed by DeepMind and allowed to discover two new conjectures in the field of pure mathematics. This research demonstrates that machine learning can be integrated into current workflows to support mathematical research. It is also the first time that computer scientists and mathematicians have used artificial intelligence (AI) to help prove or propose new theorems in complex mathematics such as node theory and representation theory.
One of the main goals of pure mathematics research is to discover the laws between mathematical objects and to use these connections to form conjectures: stories that are true but have not yet been rigorously proven. Beginning in the 1960s, mathematicians began to use computers to discover laws and formulate conjectures, but artificial intelligence systems have not yet been widely used in the field of theoretical mathematics.

This time around, the Deep Thinking team and mathematicians established a machine learning framework to help with research in mathematics. Their algorithm searches for the underlying laws and connections between mathematical objects, trying to find meaning. Mathematicians then took over, using these observations to guide their intuition on potential conjectures.
Artificial intelligence expert Alex Davis and colleagues reported that by applying this method to two purely mathematical domains, they discovered a new theorem of topology (the study of the properties of geometric shapes) and a theory of representation ( A new conjecture in the study of algebraic systems.
Among them, Professor Jody Williamson, director of the Institute of Mathematics at the University of Sydney, Australia, used AI to close to prove an ancient conjecture about the Kazdan-Rustig polynomial. This conjecture has not been resolved for 40 years. It implies a deep symmetry in high dimensional algebra.
The co-authors of the article, Mark Luckby and Andras Juhas of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, took a step forward in this process. They discovered the surprising connection between algebra and geometric invariants of topological nodes, and so a whole new theorem was established in mathematics.
Knot theory can help mathematicians understand the characteristics of knots and their relationship to other branches of mathematics. It also has countless applications in biology and physics, such as understanding DNA strands and fluid dynamics.
The Deep Thinking team concluded that their framework may encourage further cooperation in the fields of mathematics and artificial intelligence in the future.
The work of mathematicians is pure to formulate conjectures and to prove these conjectures to arrive at theorems. But where do these conjectures come from? Scientists have proven that under the guidance of mathematical intuition, machine learning can provide a powerful framework. In fields where a large amount of data is available or where objects are too “difficult to obtain” to be studied by conventional methods, many interesting and provable discoveries are found. Conjecture. From another point of view, AI as an “extraordinary tool” is already quite advanced. It helps people find connections that are not easily found in the human mind and therefore has a huge impact on accelerating the progress of several disciplines. Source link

Make sure electronic devices are safe before giving them to children https://radicalphilosophy.org/make-sure-electronic-devices-are-safe-before-giving-them-to-children/ Wed, 01 Dec 2021 11:45:00 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/make-sure-electronic-devices-are-safe-before-giving-them-to-children/

Notice: Make sure electronic devices are safe before giving them to children

Calendar An icon of a desk calendar.

to cancel An icon depicting a circle with a diagonal line across.

Caret A block arrow icon pointing right.

E-mail An icon of a paper envelope.

Facebook A Facebook “f” brand icon.

Google A Google “G” brand icon.

Linked to An icon of the Linked In “in” brand.

Sign out An icon representing disconnection.

Profile An icon that resembles the human head and shoulders.

Telephone An icon of a traditional telephone receiver.

Check A check mark icon.

is public An icon of a human eye and eyelashes.

is not public An icon depicting a human eye and eyelashes crossed by a diagonal line.

Case An icon of a paper folder.

Case An icon of a paper folder.

Breaking An icon of an exclamation mark on a circular background.

Camera An icon of a digital camera.

Caret An icon of a caret arrow.

The clock An icon of a clock face.

close An icon shaped like an X.

Close icon An icon used to represent where to interact to collapse or close a component

Ellipse A horizontal 3 dots icon.

Envelope An icon of a paper envelope.

Facebook An icon of a facebook logo f.

Camera An icon of a digital camera.

Home An icon of a house.

Instagram An Instagram logo icon.

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]]> Superintendent Says Detroit Schools “Use Critical Race Theory” https://radicalphilosophy.org/superintendent-says-detroit-schools-use-critical-race-theory/ Wed, 01 Dec 2021 02:06:41 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/superintendent-says-detroit-schools-use-critical-race-theory/

The Detroit Public Schools Community District (DPSCD) superintendent said earlier this month that schools in his district “make deep use of critical race theory,” saying students need to educate themselves on historic injustice in the states. – United “to better understand who they are”.

Superintendent Nikolai Vitti made the remarks at a Nov. 9 school board meeting, the footage of which went viral on Tuesday after being posted on Twitter by Christopher Rufo, a senior researcher at the Manhattan Institute.

“Our program makes deep use of critical race theory, especially in social studies, but you’ll find it in English, language arts, and other disciplines,” Vitti said. “We intend to create a curriculum, inject material, and integrate critical race theory into our curriculum.”

Angry parents and community members protest after a Loudoun County School Board meeting was interrupted by the school board because crowds refused to calm down, in Ashburn, Virginia on June 22, 2021.
(REUTERS / Evelyn Hockstein / File photo)

“As the speakers said today, it is because students need to understand the truth of history, understand the history of this country to better understand who they are and the injustices that have occurred in it. country, ”Vitti added.


Vitti also criticized HB 5097, which Michigan House lawmakers approved this month to ban “implicit racial or gender stereotypes” in K-12 schools across the state. The bill has since been referred to the state Senate Committee on Education and Career Preparation.

Amy Carney speaks on behalf of parents at a protest against Critical Race Theory taught at the Scottsdale Unified School District ahead of a digital school board meeting at Coronado High School in Scottsdale on May 24, 2021.

Amy Carney speaks on behalf of parents at a protest against Critical Race Theory taught at the Scottsdale Unified School District ahead of a digital school board meeting at Coronado High School in Scottsdale on May 24, 2021.


Referring to Democratic Governor Gretchen Whitmer, Vitti said: “I think our best political strategy is to rely on the governor to veto him, as it has done with other laws that have been passed in the Michigan for the past two years. “

Republicans in the State House approved the bill 55 to 0, but Democrats refused to vote on the bill because not all lawmakers wishing to speak out against the measure were allowed to vote on it. to do.

Some schools in Governor Gretchen Whitmer State are keeping students home before Thanksgiving.

Some schools in Governor Gretchen Whitmer State are keeping students home before Thanksgiving.
(AP Photo / Al Goldis, file)

“A yes vote means taking a firm stand against the absurd claim that individuals bear collective guilt for historic wrongs committed by those who share their race or gender,” said Republican State Representative Andrew Beeler, who was the main sponsor of the invoice.


Vitti did not respond to Fox News’ request for comment in time for publication.

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2 philosophical distinctions that every leader should know https://radicalphilosophy.org/2-philosophical-distinctions-that-every-leader-should-know/ Tue, 30 Nov 2021 18:20:32 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/2-philosophical-distinctions-that-every-leader-should-know/

What exactly does a philosopher do?

Yes, they do philosophy, but that’s hardly an answer. Another option is that a philosopher is someone who writes and teaches philosophy. It’s a little better, but the real fundamental aspect of the answer is still missing.

No matter how much time we spend on this question, the answer will elude us. This is because there is no objective idea of ​​philosophy itself. And without a clear answer as to what philosophy is, there is no way to know what a philosopher does.

Unlike the “scientific method”, which explicitly defines what a scientist does, there is no “philosophical method” defined in every student’s curriculum. Unfortunately, philosophy is absent from most school curricula. But, I digress.

Just because there is no objective answer does not mean that there is no answer at all. On the contrary, whatever the number of philosophers, there are as many answers to the question of what a philosopher does. A slight hyperbole, but it should be noted that the idea of ​​philosophy is very subjective.


Whatever the answer, there are certain philosophical tools that every philosopher has in their toolbox. And while identifying these tools might not be a straightforward answer to our original question, it could be as close to an objective answer as we get.

To understand what I mean, think of a mathematician. Equations are perhaps the most practical tool available to a mathematician. Are equations the end for a mathematician or the means to some other end, be it a theorem or some sort of solution? It’s an open question, but equations are undeniably a fundamental part of what a mathematician does.

This is what distinctions are for philosophers. They are like equations for mathematicians. Even though making a distinction is not the end product that a philosopher hopes for, the majority of all philosophical dialogue essentially involves them, and therefore is inseparable from what the act of philosophizing is.

For example, what is the distinction between body and mind? Is one physical and the other not? Is there even a distinction or is the mind just high powered neurons that activate to create consciousness? It is a distinction that has occupied philosophers for millennia.

There are many other similar confusing distinctions that are discussed in philosophy seminars across the world. As stimulating as they may be, the physical or otherwise of the mind is hardly a relevant distinction for most leaders today. However, there are two basic philosophical distinctions that should be extended beyond the classroom, just as basic mathematical equations are used by far more than mathematicians.

Necessary vs sufficient

The first distinction that should be in every leader’s toolkit is the difference between a necessary condition and a sufficient condition.

Let’s look at an example. If you are a hiring manager, you will most likely have a set of quality criteria that you are looking for in a candidate. This may be at least 3 years of experience, mastery of the technology used and a graduate degree. If all 3 qualities are required for the job, it means that each respective quality is a necessary but not one sufficient state.

Because a candidate must have each quality, they are all necessary. However, no single take will be enough to get the person hired, so none is enough. If a recruiter brings in a candidate with great experience but a lack of credentials, you will be able to clearly state what they are lacking and identify what they are missing as well.

Understanding the difference between these is an important step in making the right decisions as a leader. It allows you to make choices based on logic.

Sound vs Valid

This is a crucial distinction when making any decision. The difference between sound reasoning and valid reasoning is often overlooked, but can have drastically different results.

The key to understanding the difference lies in the starting assumptions of a decision. Let’s use the previous example of hiring a new employee. If you are looking for a candidate with a business degree and assume that graduates from Ivy League schools are the most qualified, it is valid find and hire a candidate with an ivy league degree.

But is this ring? For the decision to be sound, not only must it make sense based on the assumptions, but the assumptions must be true. So, are those with Ivy League degrees still the most qualified? Clearly, certainly not.

To make the best decisions as a leader, it is important to analyze your assumptions. One of the best ways to do this is to understand and use the distinction between a valid and a healthy decision.

With this and the distinction between a necessary and sufficient condition, we see one of the many universal uses that philosophy can have.

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Idaho State University’s Department of Geosciences Celebrates Professor Paul Link’s Career | Community https://radicalphilosophy.org/idaho-state-universitys-department-of-geosciences-celebrates-professor-paul-links-career-community/ Mon, 29 Nov 2021 20:08:00 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/idaho-state-universitys-department-of-geosciences-celebrates-professor-paul-links-career-community/

Critical Race Theory Supporter Nikole Hannah-Jones Uses Project 1619 to Charge “Exorbitant” Speaking Fees: Criticism https://radicalphilosophy.org/critical-race-theory-supporter-nikole-hannah-jones-uses-project-1619-to-charge-exorbitant-speaking-fees-criticism/ Mon, 29 Nov 2021 11:54:46 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/critical-race-theory-supporter-nikole-hannah-jones-uses-project-1619-to-charge-exorbitant-speaking-fees-criticism/

While Nikole Hannah-Jones’ new book tops some bestseller lists, she used Project 1619 as a platform to charge what one reviewer calls “exorbitant” speaking fees in schools across Canada. country.

His book, “The 1619 Project”, is based on the New York Times 1619 Project, which has been criticized for allegedly telling inaccurate parts of the story, such as the claim that the main objective of the war was to he independence was to preserve slavery.

Nikole Hannah-Jones’ new book topped Amazon and New York Times bestseller lists in its first week. There is also a children’s version of the book, called “The 1619 Project: Born on the Water”.

After the publication of Project 1619 by Hannah-Jones in August 2019, she began giving paid speeches in many schools across the country, from kindergarten to college.


FILE – In this file photo from May 21, 2016, Nikole Hannah-Jones attends the 75th Annual Peabody Awards at Cipriani Wall Street in New York City. (Photo by Evan Agostini / Invision / AP, file)

More recently, the University of North Carolina Wilmington paid Hannah-Jones $ 16,670 to speak at a 55-minute college event, and also paid for her airfare, transportation, meals, and its accommodation up to two nights.

In May, the Oregon Department of Education paid $ 50,000 to host Hannah-Jones for two separate events, in partnership with the Oregon Alliance of Black School Educators.

Part of the $ 50,000 even came from a state-sponsored program designed to reduce absenteeism among disadvantaged students.

Campus Reform reported in April that the University of Oregon paid $ 25,000 to host Hannah-Jones for a virtual event.


NEW YORK, NEW YORK – NOVEMBER 21: Nicole Hannah-Jones attends the 2019 ROOT 100 Gala at Angel Orensanz Foundation on November 21, 2019 in New York City. (Photo by Arturo Holmes / Getty Images) (Getty Images / Getty Images)

Other supporters of critical race theory have also received large sums of money to speak at colleges across the country.

The University of Michigan paid $ 20,000 to host Ibram X. Kendi in November 2020, where he spoke for an hour at a virtual event discussing his book “Stamped from the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America “.

Ann Arbor, MI, USA - July 30, 2014: An entrance to the University of Michigan.  The University of Michigan is a public research university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Ann Arbor, MI, USA – July 30, 2014: An entrance to the University of Michigan. The University of Michigan is a public research university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. (business goods)

Kenny Xu, author of the book “Inconvenient Minority” and president of Color Us United, told Fox News that there is now a whole “industry” that pays people to “peddle a certain type of victim ideology.”

“You’ve actually got an industry set up with corporate funding, government funding, you know, equity funding that’s actually set up to pay people hundreds of thousands of dollars a year to spread this. ideology to people, ”Xu said.


Xu said the money used to pay for these speakers would be used to better help students, like merit pay increases for teachers and more training.

“Maybe instead of paying outrageous fees and the speakers you extend, maybe you can use them to hire better teachers and deserve to pay teachers and teach them what, you know, teach them. the math and the science and the real skills that actually allow them to, you know, be able to get a college degree that’s pretty confident in their career prospects, ”he said.

Xu also said it was “bad for education” when schools spend large sums of money hosting speakers peddling critical race theory.

“You pay these people basically to teach children to hate the society and structure of America, which of course is going to prevent them later in life from being able to make their wildest dreams come true,” Xu said.

Jessica Chasmar and Michael Ruiz of Fox News contributed to this report.

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The economics of the 2021 elections: when your enemy ‘… https://radicalphilosophy.org/the-economics-of-the-2021-elections-when-your-enemy/ Sun, 28 Nov 2021 19:51:10 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/the-economics-of-the-2021-elections-when-your-enemy/

Take unintended consequences. I spent two years of my life reporting on what was first called the Codesa Convention for a Democratic South Africa, then Codesa, and finally simply “the multi-party negotiations”.

The discussions took place outside Johannesburg airport in a disused convention center, the World Trade Center, which had the advantage of having many rooms where the actual horse trading took place.

I still believe that what came out of these negotiations is one of the most remarkable achievements in modern history. The Constitution is a model of balance, rationality and moderation. But if you were to criticize it, one point to make is that many of the constitutional stipulations were rooted in the immediate political dynamics of that particular moment.

One of the guiding principles of the Constitution was inclusiveness, which was understandable as many of the 27 parties present feared they would disappear when the elections finally took place (they did). The ANC was pulling the other way, fearing that all inclusiveness would mean it would not be able to implement its own policies.

In the end, as with everything else, there was a compromise. The most important of these was proportional representation as a voting mechanism. One of the things proportional representation does is make room for small parties. Why did the ANC make this concession at the time? Lots of reasons, but mostly, I think, because he recognized that even with proportional representation, it would still be by far the biggest party. At that time, it seemed impossible that the ANC would ever win less than a majority of the votes.

Hello, unintended consequences. The greatest significance of the recent local elections is that, for the first time, the ANC won less than half of the votes.

This is the same party that won nearly 70% of the vote at its peak. The consequences of this change are enormous. This means, of course, that government by agreement and consensus will be the rule rather than the exception.

And, in the process, we’re going to see some strange things. Hello, opportunity cost. The opportunity cost is the loss of alternatives when a particular alternative is chosen. The most visible aspect of this is the EFF’s decision to vote, uninvited, for DA candidates.

Why did EFF do this? In a way, it’s obvious. EFF has big rejection problems; having been ousted by the ANC, his desire for revenge against his former lover outweighed his loathing for DA politics.

Tactically, he seeks the destruction of the Cyril Ramaphosa faction within the ANC and the rise of the Radical Economic Transformation faction. The easiest way to do this is to hand over a bunch of large municipalities to the DA, as it is more important to them who loses than who wins. And, of course, this increases their status as power brokers, since they can break coalitions as easily as they formed them.

Which brings us to the complexity. It’s going to be a hairy period. In this case, the enemy of my enemy is my friend, but only for a moment, after which the enemy of my enemy becomes my enmity, and my friends become my friends. Or something.

I want to believe that all of this is a step forward, because the shared power has to be more honest than the dominant power. In life, complexity is negative because it suggests confusion and difficulty. In economics, this is positive because complex economies work better than simple ones, and it is because of interdependence, specialization, diversity, pathways of innovation and competition.

But in these local elections, it is easy to see that the result is the contrary; a cacophony of quarrels and stabbing in the back. We will see. DM168

This story first appeared in our weekly Daily Maverick 168 which is available for R25 at Pick n Pay, Exclusive Books and airport bookstores. For your nearest dealer, please click here.

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