Philosophy – Radical Philosophy http://radicalphilosophy.org/ Fri, 14 Jan 2022 23:10:07 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://radicalphilosophy.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/radical-philosophy-icon-150x150.png Philosophy – Radical Philosophy http://radicalphilosophy.org/ 32 32 Catholic philosopher and author Alice Von Hildebrand dies at 98 – Eurasia Review https://radicalphilosophy.org/catholic-philosopher-and-author-alice-von-hildebrand-dies-at-98-eurasia-review/ Fri, 14 Jan 2022 23:10:07 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/catholic-philosopher-and-author-alice-von-hildebrand-dies-at-98-eurasia-review/

By Kate Olivera

Catholic philosopher and longtime teacher Alice von Hildebrand died on January 14 at the age of 98.

“With sadness mingled with joy, I write to share that our beloved friend and sister Alice von Hildebrand returned to the Lord at 12:25 p.m. this morning. She passed away peacefully at home after a brief illness,” wrote the founder and chairman of the Hildebrand Project, John Henry Crosby, in a January 14 death announcement.

“Those who knew Lily often heard her say that her candle wick was getting shorter and shorter. In fact, she longed for death – to see the face of Our Lord, to be reunited at last with her husband Dietrich, her parents, her dearest friend Madeleine Stebbins – with the peace that only true innocence and deep faith can grant.

Von Hildebrand was born Alice Jourdain in Belgium in 1923. She fled Europe during World War II and arrived in New York in 1940. Soon after, she met the famous personality philosopher Dietrich von Hildebrand. She recalls being immediately impressed by Dietrich’s dedication to truth and wisdom.

“As soon as he opened his mouth, I knew this was what I was looking for: the scent of the supernatural, the radiant beauty of truth, the unity of all values: truth, beauty and kindness,” von Hildebrand wrote in his book. 2014 autobiography, “Memoirs of a happy failure”.

She was Dietrich’s philosophy student for several years before the couple married in 1959.

Von Hildebrand spent the majority of her career teaching philosophy at Hunter College in New York, beginning in 1947. Although she described the secular college as radically anti-Catholic, von Hildebrand was well-liked by her students and a even inspired many of them to conversion.

“In secular universities, the word ‘objective truth’ triggers panic,” she wrote in her autobiography. “God said, ‘I know you don’t belong there,’ as my colleagues have said over and over again. ‘But, I have work for you, and you can’t do it alone. I’ll help you.'”

In 1984, von Hildebrand retired from Hunter College after 37 years, and she received the college’s Presidential Award for Excellence in Teaching.

Von Hildebrand published several books during her lifetime, including “The Privilege of Being a Woman” and “The Soul of a Lion: The Life of Dietrich von Hildebrand”. She also wrote countless articles and essays and helped start the Hildebrand Project to promote her late husband’s work.

She was a frequent contributor to Catholic News Agency and made more than eighty appearances on CNA’s parent company, Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN).

“We are grateful for the many contributions she has made to Catholic thought and for the many programs she has done for EWTN over the years,” said EWTN Chaplain Fr. Joseph Wolfe. “May she enjoy her eternal reward and the joy of reuniting with her dear husband Dietrich, whom she so admired.”

Alejandro Bermudez, executive director of Catholic News Agency and ACI Prensa, called von Hildebrand an “exemplary and happy warrior” for the Church.

“She not only made over 80 appearances on EWTN, but probably left her most significant body of essays in the series of articles she wrote exclusively for CNA,” Bermudez said. You can read his work for CNA here.

In a 2014 interview with CNA, von Hildebrand explained that her life was drastically different than she expected.

“God chose the model for my life – totally different from what I had imagined. I feel like the female Habacuc brought into the lion’s den,” she said.

“When I look back on my life, the words that come to mind from my heart are: misericodias domini in aeternum cantabo”, quoting Latin words from the Psalms which translate to “I will sing the mercies of the Lord forever “.

Funeral arrangements have not yet been announced.

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The green philosophy encouraged in BRI projects https://radicalphilosophy.org/the-green-philosophy-encouraged-in-bri-projects/ Thu, 13 Jan 2022 00:31:37 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/the-green-philosophy-encouraged-in-bri-projects/


An aerial view on October 29, 2021 of the Sirindhorn Dam floating solar farm in Ubon Ratchathani province, northeast Thailand. (Photo/Xinhua)

In order to advance the development of the “Green Belt and Road” initiative, China has updated a guideline on environmental protection in overseas operations, with Chinese enterprises sticking to environmentally friendly approaches throughout the life cycle of their projects.

The guideline, unveiled on Tuesday, was issued jointly by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Commerce as a guide for companies to “implement the philosophy of ecological civilization”, as well as to “promote green and high-quality development”. .

Ecological Civilization is a concept promoted by President Xi Jinping for balanced and sustainable development characterized by harmonious coexistence of man and nature.

The document, which updates a 2013 directive from the two government bodies, was inscribed with some of the president’s new visions and instructions on overseas investment and cooperation, according to the Ministry of Ecology and Environment. ‘Environment.

In a speech at a high-level BRI symposium in Beijing in November, for example, Xi emphasized developing an early warning and risk assessment platform through all times for overseas Chinese projects.

With climate change being one of the main highlights, the directive includes environment-related requirements for far-reaching procedures in companies’ overseas operations.

Before overseas mergers and acquisitions, for example, they should assess environmental risks caused by target companies, including environmental pollution, lawsuits and penalties, he said. Hazardous waste disposal and greenhouse gas emissions should also be prioritized in the assessment.

In construction projects, companies should strengthen their work on pollution control and strive to reduce emissions of heat-trapping gases.

In addition to repairing pollution control facilities and deploying effective measures to reduce carbon emissions, they should also step up environmental monitoring work.

The directive explicitly states that environmental protection is not only about pollution control, but also about climate mitigation and biodiversity conservation, according to a press release from the Ministry of Ecology and Environment. Environment.

The press release indicates that the directive also includes specific clauses on overseas projects involving energy, petrochemicals, mining and transport, since they are key elements of investment in abroad the country and building the BIS.

According to the guideline, when energy projects are developed, priority should be given to renewable energies. Companies should avoid building hydropower plants in nature reserves and key animal habitats, and they should take steps to protect aquatic organisms and other wildlife.

Zhang Jianyu, executive director of the BRI Green Development Institute, hailed the directive’s emphasis on climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation, saying it shows China is a responsible major global power.

Many developing countries have rich biodiversity resources, and some regions in these countries are environmentally fragile, Zhang said, adding that efforts to address these issues will help create a favorable environment for Chinese companies’ operations.

He said it was “foresighted” for China to pay attention to these two issues, both of which are big concerns around the world.

“Companies should integrate environmental protection into their development strategy,” the directive states. “With common international practices as a reference, they should establish institutions and regulations on environmental protection to improve their internal environmental management system.”

Besides stepping up capacity building with trainings and seminars, Chinese companies should appoint special personnel to take over environmental protection work, he added.

The guideline encourages Chinese companies to adopt international or Chinese green standards when they are stricter than the host country’s standards, which is also emphasized in the Green Development Guidelines for Investment and Cooperation in the EU. abroad, which the country made public in July.

China had taken a series of other concrete steps to make the BRI greener.

In September, President Xi promised that China would not build new coal-fired power projects overseas. He later announced that the country would invest 1.5 billion yuan ($235.7 million) to establish the Kunming Biodiversity Fund, which will be used to support developing countries’ efforts in biodiversity conservation. .


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Researcher, Department of Employment Philosophy with NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE https://radicalphilosophy.org/researcher-department-of-employment-philosophy-with-national-university-of-singapore/ Tue, 11 Jan 2022 07:22:58 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/researcher-department-of-employment-philosophy-with-national-university-of-singapore/

job description

The Philosophy Department of the National University of Singapore invites applicants for a postdoctoral position, starting in 2022. The postdoctoral position is affiliated with the new Center for Advanced Robotics Technology Innovation (CARTIN). The subject of the project is spatial reasoning and imagination, with the ultimate goal of enabling robots to manipulate new objects – for example, to allow a robot to recognize if a hollow container is useful as a cup, and then to fill it. of liquid. Since the project is interdisciplinary, we welcome applicants from a variety of research backgrounds including – but not limited to – logic, metaphysics, philosophy of language, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, philosophy of mind, computational linguistics or decision theory. The ideal candidate would have a background in computer science or engineering as well as in philosophy.

The post-doctoral position is entirely research; no teaching task is required.

Application process: Interested candidates must apply by January 14, 2022.

The request must include:

  • CV (required)
  • A writing sample (required)
  • Four letters of recommendation (required)
  • A cover letter briefly explaining how their current or future research might contribute to the project (optional)

Deadline: January 14, 2022

If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact Ben Blumson (benblumson@nus.edu.sg) or Gregory Chirikjian (mpegre@nus.edu.sg). For general information on the NUS Philosophy Department, please visit www.fas.nus.edu.sg/philo/

Salary range from SGD 60,000 to SGD 75,000 per year

More information

Site: [[Kent Ridge Campus]] Organization: [[National University of Singapore]] Department: [[Department of Philosophy]] Eligible for employee recommendation: [[NA]] Job Application ID: [[10969]]

At NUS, the health and safety of our staff and students is one of our top priorities and the COVID vaccination supports our commitment to keeping our community safe and making NUS as safe and welcoming as possible. . Many of our roles require a significant amount of physical interaction with students / staff / members of the public. Even for positions that can be performed remotely, there will be instances where on-campus presence is required.

As of January 15, 2022, in accordance with Singapore legal requirements, unvaccinated workers will not be able to work on NUS premises. As such, we regret to inform that job seekers must be fully vaccinated against COVID-19 for successful employment with NUS. [1] [1] MOM Updated advice on COVID vaccination in the workplace, subject to changes in accordance with national COVID-19 measures

Qualifications

Doctorate in Philosophy or a related field

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UPSC Main Essay Exam Is Too “Philosophical”, Questions Outside “The Universe”, Candidates Begin Meme Fest https://radicalphilosophy.org/upsc-main-essay-exam-is-too-philosophical-questions-outside-the-universe-candidates-begin-meme-fest/ Sun, 09 Jan 2022 10:59:23 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/upsc-main-essay-exam-is-too-philosophical-questions-outside-the-universe-candidates-begin-meme-fest/

The Union Civil Service Commission (UPSC) Hands 2021 essay took place on Friday, January 7. According to several candidates, the article was more “philosophical”. Applicants were asked to write two essays, each between 1,000 and 1,200 words.

In section A, students were asked to write on “The philosophy of the absence of desire is utopian, while materialism is a chimera” and “The real is rational and the rational is real”, in section B, the questions include “The hand that cradles the cradle of the world” and “What is research, if not a blind date with knowledge!”

Read also | Coolie from Kerala crack UPSC while studying online, used free WiFi at train station

“All kidding aside, that doesn’t make much sense. A section should have a philosophical orientation. But maybe it’s too much? The exam is intended to recruit officers for the public service, not to become Jagat gurus. Most people in India still face real issues in the field, which are not rooted in philosophy, ”one user wrote.

“It will sound very philosophical. Indeed it is and now it is the real test of aspirants’ personality. UPSC is now on the right track to radically change things. No bookish knowledge will work. You have to be too genuine, ”wrote another.

Read | GAIL 2022 recruitment for the positions of general manager, senior manager, salary up to Rs 2.40,000

The UPSC CSE Main will be held on January 7, 8, 9, 15 and 16. There are a total of nine items, two of which are for qualifications (A and B) and seven more for merit. There is an optional test, the subject of which is chosen by the candidates themselves. Those selected for the main round will be called for a personal interview.

Read all the latest news, breaking news and news on the coronavirus here.


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]]> The tweak Annan should bring to his philosophy https://radicalphilosophy.org/the-tweak-annan-should-bring-to-his-philosophy/ Fri, 07 Jan 2022 18:22:00 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/the-tweak-annan-should-bring-to-his-philosophy/

South Carolina Men’s Soccer Coach Tony annan was a bit taken aback by the style of play that many teams employ in college play. College football is not always the fluid sport that is typically played at the professional or academy level and it is something that Annan had to adapt to on the fly and make other adjustments to go from there. ‘before.

Kick off an English Premier League game and 19 of the 20 teams will play from the back, meaning defenders will pass the ball to the ground and even use the goalkeeper to try and build the attack from there. One team, Burnley, doesn’t do much of this, often choosing to pass the ball into the air towards the opposing team’s goal.

Instead of smooth football when the ball is held down, starting the ball for a long time leads to less appealing play.

And it’s a style that many college football teams choose to use.

Annan pointed out at least half a dozen times during the conversation that every coach has the right to play the style they want to play and that they will not look down on others and these programs. But it’s an adjustment he had to make to his coaching style.

“Most of the college football games I had watched at a good level were teams trying to play, and that wasn’t always the case,” Annan told TheBigSpur.com.

“People have to win games and they try to win games their way. I’m not criticizing their style of play or saying it’s bad, but it certainly poses more problems for you as a manager to work out when a team is playing that way. We must solve this problem without giving up what we stand for. It was the biggest surprise for me, although I shouldn’t have been surprised, according to everyone. I just thought it would be a little more tactical.

Annan said his “real-life perception” of the style of play in varsity play was one of his biggest lessons. It caught him off guard at the start of the season, and they made a few on-the-fly adjustments to their own playstyle to combat what other teams were doing.

“Our press to get the high ball is difficult against the teams we have played against this season. We weren’t able to push as high as we would like because of the playstyle of others, ”said Annan. “I’m not criticizing him, but that takes away what we’re trying to do, which is one place where I think we need to make some adjustments. That doesn’t mean you can’t press with all the intensity and get the ball back quickly, but this is where you do it, where you draw your line is different than it is at other levels. football, because not everyone is playing in the back. “

The Gamecocks are certainly going to have to adjust their game, as teams that don’t play a direct style of football may choose to do so if Annan’s team are struggling with that style. Attacking an opponent’s weakness is never a bad strategy, so South Carolina will need to make sure they can defend themselves in different ways.

But it’s not just about defense, it’s also about attack. The Gamecocks’ high press is designed to create mistakes on the part of defenders on other teams and create immediate scoring opportunities.

“Watching the varsity game and the way I use my philosophy to make it work in this environment, it’s a big challenge for me, but it’s a challenge that I enjoy and look forward to.” , Annan said. “Maybe we need to make some adjustments to our philosophy here and there, but we’re going to be a playing team and we’re going to be an aggressive team in transition. These are the basics. I might need to tweak things a bit, but not let go of my philosophy and let go of the principles I stand by. “

This is part two in a series of interviews with men’s football coach Tony Annan. Read Part I here: Annan looks back on his first season at Carolina

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A TEAM ITS OWN: Red Bulls assistant Carnell named St. Louis City head coach https://radicalphilosophy.org/a-team-its-own-red-bulls-assistant-carnell-named-st-louis-city-head-coach/ Wed, 05 Jan 2022 16:05:54 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/a-team-its-own-red-bulls-assistant-carnell-named-st-louis-city-head-coach/

Bradley Carnell: “I look forward to creating a team that reflects St. Louis – a diverse, hardworking, community-led team. (Photo courtesy of St. Louis City SC)

Red Bulls assistant coach Bradley Carnell has a new title – Head Coach.

On Wednesday, Carnell was named the head coach of St. Louis City SC, which will join Major League Soccer as an expansion team in 2023, sporting director Lutz Pfannenstiel announced.

“I’m grateful to be a part of the St. Louis City family, a team where I can help build something special in a city that is already so passionate about football,” Carnell said in a statement. “Lutz’s vision aligns with my ambitions to build a competitive team through the intensive use of data, technology and a particular focus on individual player development. I look forward to building a team that reflects St. Louis – a diverse, hardworking, community-led team. I am excited to help create the future of sport in an amazing soccer city. “

After extensive international research for a head coach who reflects the club’s vision and sporting philosophy, Carnell quickly rose to the top of the list, given his hands-on approach, success and passion for developing the club. young players.

“We can honestly say that we got our best candidate for the club’s first head coach position and wanted to get him on board quickly given the critical role he will play in building our first squad,” said Pfannenstiel said in a statement. “We knew it was important to have someone who understood the ins and outs of MLS, as well as the international market, and Bradley has all the attributes we were looking for. His experience as a player and coach sets him apart, and I have no doubts that he will help us build a very competitive squad for our first season in 2023.

Carnell will be responsible for the execution of the club’s footballing philosophy on the pitch and will play a major role in team development by helping Pfannenstiel identify players who match the team’s playing style.

“As a player he epitomized the intense, counter-press and fast-paced transition game that will define City’s playstyle and as a coach he works tirelessly on and off the pitch to develop these abilities in the players, ”said Pfannenstiel. “His hunger and determination to succeed will get the best of our players. Bradley and I speak a common language when it comes to our playing philosophy and he and I fully agree on the importance of identifying and developing players for our high press style.

Carnell was born in Johannesburg, South Africa, where he began his playing career with local clubs Wits University (now Bidvest Wits FC) and Kaizer Chiefs before playing in the Bundesliga with VfB Stuttgart and Borussia Mönchengladbach. In Stuttgart, Manchester United interim manager Ralf Rangnick had a huge impact on Carnell’s football development and was a mentor throughout his coaching career. Carnell also made 42 appearances for the South African national team, making 42 appearances from 1997 to 2010, including three 2002 World Cup starts.

He started off as the head coach of the University of Johannesburg men’s team, then moved to an assistant coach position with the Orlando Pirates before moving on to MLS. In 2017, Carnell joined the Red Bulls as an assistant coach and named interim head coach in September 2020. He led the team to a sixth place finish in the MLS Eastern Conference. Carnell has resumed his role as assistant coach for the Red Bulls for the 2021 season.

“Several clubs showed interest in his talents, so we knew we had to act quickly to get him to St. Louis,” St. Louis City SC president Carolyn Kindle Betz said in a statement. “At Bradley we have an innovative, modest and forward thinking head coach who wants to help revitalize and connect our region through football. We are delighted that he chose us.

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Fraser wins Sanders epistemology award https://radicalphilosophy.org/fraser-wins-sanders-epistemology-award/ Mon, 03 Jan 2022 16:45:37 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/fraser-wins-sanders-epistemology-award/

The Marc Sanders Foundation has announced that the recipient of its 2021 Epistemology Prize is Rachel Fraser, Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Oxford.

Dr. Fraser won the award for her article titled “The Will in Belief”. Here is the summary of the article:

It is bad to hold on to a belief in the face of good evidence that it is wrong. It makes you dogmatic. Enter the classic dogmatism puzzle. The standard answer? Go for defeat: new evidence can destroy old knowledge. But there are variations of the classic dogmatism puzzle that defeat cannot help. Worse yet, these puzzles threaten to undermine the standard defeatist solution to the classic puzzle. Call them the riddles of revenge. Two are already noted in the literature. In this article, I present a third particularly harsh revenge puzzle. I then present a unified solution to the puzzles of revenge. The solution motivates a boldly revisionist conception of belief: a conception in which belief implies will.

The price includes $ 5,000 and the publication of the article in Oxford Studies in Epistemology.

The award is administered by Tamar Szabó Gendler (Yale) and is one of several philosophy awards sponsored by the Marc Sanders Foundation. You can read more about the award and see past winners here.

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Huron Plainsman | Solve NOT to solve https://radicalphilosophy.org/huron-plainsman-solve-not-to-solve/ Sat, 01 Jan 2022 20:18:37 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/huron-plainsman-solve-not-to-solve/

“There are no promises, looking into the great abyss
After almost losing everything you won
So now you stand in front
those who know you more
Call your name.
Venice – “Welcome to the rest of your life”

I surprised Venice at a show in college, and the fact that they were a family band and they had a really good acoustic sound with vocal harmony appealed to me, but the song quoted always puzzled me until I saw an interview with Michael Lennon, who was the song’s co-author.

He explained how the song describes a young person returning to a family dynamic which is not both healthy for the young person and who also badly needs the presence of the young person to eventually find a healthy dynamic.

Being both affected by a toxic environment and being part of the response to detoxifying that environment seems apt as we look to 2022.

Many like to make resolutions to start a new year, and I make private resolutions about how many books I want to read, my physical activity, and other similar goals for the coming year, but professionally I resolved not to solve.

Let me explain.

Merriam-Webster offers two verbal uses of the word “resolve” – ​​both as a transitive and an intransitive verb.

For those of you who weren’t fortunate enough to have Ms. Mutch and Ms. Decker in Wolsey to help you with your basic grammar education, the simple difference is that a transitive verb is a verb that requires that you someone or something receives the action of the verb, while an intransitive verb acts on its own, without needing a direct object complement.

The second definition of resolve as a transitive verb is what most people are thinking about right now: “make a firm decision about”.

However, the first definition as an intransitive verb is the one I hope to avoid in 2022: “to separate into constituent parts”.

In 2003, I led a church youth group that I served at the ELCA National Youth Gathering in Atlanta. The theme of the gathering that year centered around Ubuntu, a word taken from the Zulu language of South Africa, and a philosophy spoken by the recently deceased Bishop Desmond Tutu.

Tutu relayed the long-standing Ubuntu philosophy of “I am because we are” within African communities, which emphasized trust and the need for community and mutual support in both the good and the bad. state of life.

My work email is bombarded with messages from the two main political parties trying to create a divide that doesn’t really exist.

A recent example was a letter from the leader of the state’s Republican Party, celebrating the SD Supreme Court’s decision on Amendment A with a message titled “Great news! “

Oh good?

In 2020, 225,260 South Dakota voters voted in favor of Amendment A, which you may recall dealing with recreational marijuana.

For a numeric benchmark, while it was 54% of those who voted on the amendment in last year’s ballot, it was still 52.7% of all ballots (some people don’t choose to vote for ballot questions, only for races by position).

In comparison, in the last gubernatorial race, Kristi Noem finished with 172,912 votes, more than 50,000 less than Amendment A received.

This raw number of votes can quickly be argued that it was due to a non-presidential ballot, except that Kristi only received 51% of the votes in her race and 50.7% of the votes of all voters in the ballot. 2018 – at least two to three percent LESS statewide support than Amendment A had.

Simple calculations indicate that Noem’s votes represent 76.8% of the total Amendment A received, while the 2018 ballot recorded 79.8% of the turnout for the 2020 elections. The difference of about 3 % is holding up – yet one party presents it as “good news” that the will of the people has been defeated.

This year, the governor of that state, which our three local lawmakers, who are from the same political party, said in the 2021 legislative session was not transparent in his spending of state resources for private travel and security, is in place for re-election.

Senator John Thune and Rep. Dusty Johnson are both running for the fall election and could face major opponents. Locally, a seat on the municipal commission will be up for grabs in April, and three seats on the county commission will be elected in the fall.

Finally, speaking of our representation in the state, this year’s redistribution will mean voters will also have new candidates and potential primary elections coming up with the move from Kingsbury County to Spink County as the associated main county. in Beadle in District 22.

After spending a year in respected camps and throwing stones and barbs back and forth, a significant impact can be made this year by finding the candidates who are ready to support legislation that helps ALL people (and to l conversely, fight legislation that marginalizes or hurts people).

We have seen continuously separate things in this country for far too long.

It is time to start supporting those who will be willing to put the party aside after their name in order to work for the best of those of us who pay taxes.

So I don’t want to resolve in 2022 if that means further separation. I want to see things come together instead of being further apart, splitting into separate corners, like a boxing ring, waiting for the opening bell to ring.

The idea of ​​a ringing bell reminds me, however, that there is another definition of resolution that I might choose to support.

This is the fifth definition in Merriam-Webster’s transitive verb forms of the word: “to make (something, such as one or more vocal parts or full musical harmony) progress from dissonance to consonance”.

For this musician, there is too long a seventh note hanging in the discord of the world. Solve this to a point of harmony – now this is a bit of a resolution that I might fall behind in 2022.

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Philosophy of existentialism and the expectation of humanity https://radicalphilosophy.org/philosophy-of-existentialism-and-the-expectation-of-humanity/ Fri, 31 Dec 2021 05:52:18 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/philosophy-of-existentialism-and-the-expectation-of-humanity/

Sartre and Heidegger proposed the idea that human beings were not part of the plan of the universe and therefore their existence is meaningless and their suffering is also because of this mismatch.

Now they are free to find purpose in their life in this meaningless world and so humans are what they do. But this human suffering doubles when human beings are unable to exercise their will and must go with the flow. This brings us to the next stage, namely nihilism, which means that human beings do nothing in this world of nothingness. The play Waiting for Godot is a play based on the philosophy of existentialism which means that the human being has to do something to find the purpose of his life, that even after doing his best, he is unable to do so. find and exclaims thus: “Nothing happens, nobody comes, nobody goes, it’s awful”.

The play begins with the introduction of two characters, Estragon and Vladimir, who are waiting for Godot to come and solve their problem. They have nothing else to do while they wait. These two characters prove that they are together in their misery and become each other’s complements while waiting for Godot. They first attempt to remove Tarragon’s boots, then Vladimir takes off and puts his hat back on. They spend their day doing nothing but waiting.

While they wait, they think of a suicide attempt by hanging themselves with the dry and weak tree on the stage but very quickly realize that they don’t have a strong rope to hang down and that the tree would break with it. their load. So, they give up the idea of ​​hanging themselves and decide to wait for Godot until a boy comes and tells them that Godot is not coming their way that day and that he would come the next day.

Before the boy’s arrival and disappearance, two other characters, Lucky and Pozzo are injected on stage. Lucky is tied with a rope controlled by Pozzo. It is only Pozzo speaking while Lucky remains silent, despite carrying a load of bags. Lucky acts as Pozzo’s slave and Pozzo also demonstrates his authority over him. He even jerks him off and makes him talk, think and move. They also disappear after the information brought by the boy on the non-arrival of Godot. Pozzo appears to be in control and Lucky silently obeys his letter and spirit. Although Pozzo does nothing but order Lucky and offer Tarragon bones and veg. Fortunately humanity suffers not only because of the adverse pattern of nature, but also because of the oppression and cruelty of capitalism or other human controlling forces.

The second act of the drama also begins with the same scene and the same characters with only two changes. First, that there are some leaves growing on the tree. Tarragon and Vladimir spend some time figuring out how it happened. Second, the role reversal takes place when we see Lucky controlling Pozzo now and doing the same thing Pozzo did to him. Estragon and Vladimir spend their time waiting for Godot abusing each other, playing with each other, and trying to think about their lives. They continue to search for Godot but find that he has not yet appeared. Ultimately, they receive information that Godot is not coming today. And so, nothing comes out of nothing.

The description above shows that not only do the characters have a choice not to do, but they also find themselves doing nothing. So the play is an amalgamation of existentialism and nihilism because the play starts with nothing, the characters do nothing and nothing is done as a whole but the same characters also seem to be waiting. The characters try to find a purpose in their life. They are also waiting for Godot to come and solve their problems. So while doing nothing, the characters in the play are doing something, which means nothingness is stuck to something and neither of these two are able to handle the situation on their own.

The theme of essentialism, however, dominates the play because the characters are in a constant attempt to find purpose in their lives. They are waiting for a divine person to come and solve their problems. This expectation is in direct accord with Christian essentialism that everyone has no beginning or end and everyone is looking for a purpose in life. The play demonstrates the expectation more vigorously than the answers to humanity’s questions because all human beings live in an absurd world which makes the play an absurd play. The characters of Tarragon and Vladimir are not just two human beings, they are the suffering and bewildered humanity. In such a situation, humanity tries to find a solution in the arrival of Godot, who never comes. When all of the above are combined it gives the impression that the play is based on essentialism and that very idea makes it an absurd game.

The author is Professor of English at Government Emerson University, Multan. He can be contacted at zeadogar@hotmail.com and Tweets at @Profzee


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Pete Carroll says Seahawks don’t need a ‘reboot’, praises Jody Allen https://radicalphilosophy.org/pete-carroll-says-seahawks-dont-need-a-reboot-praises-jody-allen/ Wed, 29 Dec 2021 15:00:00 +0000 https://radicalphilosophy.org/pete-carroll-says-seahawks-dont-need-a-reboot-praises-jody-allen/

The Seattle Seahawks are in the basement of NFC West for the first time in 25 years and calls for change have multiplied among fans. The organization is set for a tough offseason with many decisions to be made, especially regarding the future of head coach Pete Carroll and quarterback Russell Wilson at Emerald City.

The team’s 2021 season has been a failure, but perhaps a necessity. The Seahawks have been a completely uninspiring team throughout the 2021 season, even with Wilson under center. A complete rebuild can be somewhat drastic, but there are aspects of the team that need to be addressed if they are to eventually become a championship contender again.

Carroll told ESPN Seattle 710 he doesn’t think the Seahawks need a full roster purge or even a change in philosophy, saying the foundations for a Super Bowl-caliber team are in place. and should be amplified accordingly.

Carroll also revealed that Seahawks owner Jody Allen had been involved in day-to-day operations with him and general manager John Schneider since taking over from his late brother Paul and would continue to work closely with them to resolve team issues during the off season.

It’s unclear how far Allen will go until this offseason, but fans are sure to be hoping that not much will stay the same when it comes to people and philosophy. Carroll and Schneider’s jobs may not be secure, even in the short term.

However, the Seahawks have two more games to go and Allen will most likely wait until the remainder of the season is over before making any decisions about them and the future of the franchise as a whole.


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