Critical Theory – Radical Philosophy Tue, 20 Sep 2022 15:50:06 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Critical Theory – Radical Philosophy 32 32 Brookings Registry | SD social studies hearings pit teachers against Noem Tue, 20 Sep 2022 15:08:15 +0000

SIOUX FALLS, AP — South Dakota teachers and school administrators on Monday voiced overwhelming opposition to Gov. Kristi Noem’s proposed standards for social studies in public schools, saying the proposal subjects them to expanding criteria and unwieldy to cover in classrooms but failed to teach students to think analytically about history.

Educators, who say they have been left out of the standards development process, voiced their opposition as the state’s Board of Education Standards launched a series of public hearings on Monday before deciding whether to adopt them.

Their objections present a determined challenge to the Republican governor’s proposed standards, which could overhaul state standards for history and civics by drawing heavily on materials from Hillsdale College, a private, conservative institution. from Michigan.

Conservatives and some parents who spoke at the Board of Education Standards hearing in Aberdeen on Monday defended the proposal as a solid effort to address the lack of awareness of American civics and rekindle appreciation for the ideals founders of the nation. Noem, a potential candidate for the White House in 2024, called the proposed standards “free from political agendas” and “the best” in the country.

But two educators who were part of the 15-member standards commission spoke out against the standards they ostensibly helped create.

“The process was hijacked and reduced the commission to proofreading or randomly inserting content into a bulleted list of exhaustive curriculum topics, while the governor’s chief of staff, not the education secretary , had to approve every change,” said Samantha Walder, an elementary school. principal who was on the standards commission, told the Board of Education Standards.

“When our small group of educational opponents tried to make significant changes, we were fired by the president.”

About 87% of people who submitted hundreds of written comments to the Ministry of Education expressed their opposition. Educators and historians, including the American Historical Association, have criticized the proposal as failing to teach students to learn about history and think about it critically.

Members of several Native American tribes in the state also said the state did not consult the tribes when developing the standards.

At Monday’s hearing, pro-standards conservatives countered that the proposal increased references to Native American history and leaders. They also championed an idea popular in conservative circles: that education should be cleansed of pedagogical terms and belong to people other than professional educators.

“The complaint that students aren’t required to show higher order because the standards don’t use guild-approved buzzwords rings hollow,” said Jon Schaff, professor of political science at the Northern State University, which presented the commission’s rebuttal on Monday.

He added, “This is the kind of education our children need if they are to be informed and educated citizens ready to take on the arduous task of self-government.”

At Monday’s hearing, teachers and school administrators, with few exceptions, urged the board to reject the standards and suggested it consider those developed by a commission of 44 South Dakota educators the year last.

Last year’s commission, which was facilitated by the National Council for Social Studies, began its work with and built on state-established standards, including increasing references to history and to Native American culture.

The standards have faced objections from conservatives who have accused the National Council of Social Studies of advancing some controversial teachings about race, such as the academic framework known as critical race theory. The organization said it does not advance the teaching of critical race theory, but it does not shy away from discussing the facts of racism in the United States.

Two conservatives resigned from the group last year in protest, and a conservative commentator, Stanley Kurtz, took to the pages of the National Review to call on Noem to reject the proposed standards. In October of last year, she did just that.

The governor restarted the process with a small, conservative-dominated task force and hired a former Hillsdale College politics professor, William Morrisey, to lead the group’s work. He produced a 128-page proposal that contained distinct echoes of “The Hillsdale 1776 Curriculum,” which glorifies the nation’s founders and criticizes the expansion of U.S. government programs.

During this time, Hillsdale also helped private and charter schools across the country implement classical education models that emphasize learning around traditional and Western writing and ideas. Rachel Oglesby, Noem’s chief policy officer, told the Board of Education Standards that she hopes the standards will bring the classic model to all public schools in the state.

The council will hold three more public hearings before deciding whether to adopt the standards next year.

Book sheds light on racial bias in courts | News, Sports, Jobs Sat, 17 Sep 2022 05:46:53 +0000

M. L. Berg, Minot

One of the main tenets of critical race theory is that racism is embedded in the fabric of American society and its institutions. It is surely a truism. If not, why was federal legislation necessary to guarantee the civil rights of minorities in areas such as education and housing?

The fact that even the Supreme Court of the United States is not immune in this regard is made clear in a book written by Walter Echo-Hawk. Walter Echo-Hawk is an author and lawyer who has advocated for decades to secure the legal rights of Native Americans. He himself is a member of the Pawnee tribe. I might mention that the novelist James Fenimore Cooper met a Pawnee chief who was visiting Washington, DC to negotiate with President James Monroe in 1822. Cooper was so impressed with the Pawnee chief that he made him the hero from the fifth and last, from his tales of leather stockings; this fifth tale is called La Prairie. (The Last of the Mohicans is the second of Cooper’s leather stocking tales.)

Echo-Hawk’s book is titled In the Courts of the Conqueror: The 10 Worst Indian Law Cases Ever Decided. These cases extend from the end of the 18th century, at the beginning of our Republic, until the middle of the 20th century. What many of them have in common is a racist view that is detrimental to Native American rights.

It is Echo-Hawk’s hope that by discussing these issues, people will realize that changes need to be made. In the case of the Supreme Court, he writes that “the Court must find a theory other than conquest, colonization or racial superiority to justify its decisions” (page 6).

In the same way, the point of considering critical race theory in the first place should be to inspire people to make changes, so as to establish equality in a racially mixed society.

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Democrats block Texas Sen. Ted Cruz’s candidacy for more cops and counselors in schools Wed, 14 Sep 2022 23:10:47 +0000

WASHINGTON — Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, on Wednesday sought to push through a plan to direct billions of federal dollars toward more police officers and mental health counselors in schools nationwide, but was blocked by Democrats who criticized his decision as grandstanding rather than a serious effort.

Cruz rose in the Senate mid-afternoon and described a prayer vigil he attended in Uvalde after the Robb Elementary School shooting that left 19 students and two teachers dead.

Grieving residents wept openly as they mourned their losses, he recalled, adding that he had visited other Texas communities rocked by mass shootings over the years.

Remembering the victims of the Uvalde school shooting

He alluded to a common pattern of insane young men falling into mental illness over time before eventually committing unspeakable crimes.

“If we had additional mental health resources on campus, they would be able to spot the warning signs, see the young man going down this dangerous path and step in and stop them,” said Cruz.

Cruz said his bill would double the number of school resource officers, improve physical security at schools and triple a FEMA security grant program.

It also has $10 billion in grants for schools to hire mental health professionals, but would exclude those who include “critical race theory” in any of their curricula.

The phrase “Critical Race Theory” has become a favorite — and critics say it’s overhyped — boogeyman quoted by conservatives. It typically refers to an academic framework that probes how policies and laws support systemic racism, but it’s not taught in K-12 schools — at least not in Texas, education officials say .

Cruz cited figures from the National Center for Education Statistics indicating that many schools still do not have adequate funding for mental health.

His bill follows a proposal he put forward earlier as an alternative to the bipartisan package eventually approved by the Senate in the wake of the Uvalde massacre.

President Joe Biden signed into law the Bipartisan Mental Health Support Program, School Safety Funding and Modest Changes to National Gun Regulations.

Cruz voted against the bipartisan package, which was brokered by fellow home-state Republican Sen. John Cornyn and Sen. Chris Murphy, D-Conn.

Gov. Greg Abbott speaks as Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick and U.S. Senator John Cornyn (middle) listen during a news conference about the Robb Elementary School shooting on Tuesday, Wednesday, May 25 at the Uvalde High School 25, 2022, in Uvalde, TX. (Juan Figueroa / personal photographer)

Cruz attempted on Wednesday to push his own bill through what is known as “unanimous consent,” when legislation is deemed approved if no senator objects. He did the same with another bill that would allow schools to use some of their unspent coronavirus pandemic relief money for safety measures.

Murphy simply stated “I oppose” Cruz’s first bill, prompting Cruz to say he was “really flabbergasted” that Murphy was blocking his proposal without engaging in a debate about it.

Cruz described the bipartisan bill that Murphy and Cornyn drafted as a “big gun control package” that will “do nothing, zero, to stop mass murder” and predicted the country would see other such incidents.

“I pray we don’t, but evil exists in the world and if another madman attacks a school and there isn’t a policeman at the front door to stop him, remember you right now, remember that time the Democrats said ‘no, we won’t protect our children,’” Cruz said.

Murphy also objected to Cruz redirecting unspent pandemic relief money and said he was indeed uninterested in committing to what he said was an appeal. Cruz offers for attention rather than an honest attempt to achieve anything.

“It’s not real. This is a TV show. It’s clickbait. It’s theatre,” Murphy said of Cruz. “It’s not a real attempt to pass legislation.”

Murphy said he was recently approached by another Republican senator, Sen. James Lankford of Oklahoma, about the legislation in question. He said he and Lankford were having serious discussions about legislation that contrasts Cruz’s approach.

In an interview afterwards, Cruz said he had no information about Murphy’s discussions with Lankford and reiterated his criticism of Murphy for not engaging in substantive debate.

Asked about his justification for excluding schools from mental health funding based on their curriculum, Cruz said he would provide a written statement later.

In the statement, Cruz did not directly explain why he would exclude certain schools, but noted that Murphy did not raise objections to specific provisions of the bill and asked why Murphy also blocked the other proposal. to spend unused emergency money on school safety.

“The only reason Murphy and the Democrats blocked school safety today is because they were more interested in playing partisan games,” Cruz said.

Cruz’s actions come as advocates push the Senate to pass a federal ban on certain semi-automatic firearms they describe as “assault weapons.”

Kimberly and Felix Rubio, who lost their daughter in the Uvalde shooting, tweeted a photo on Wednesday of a meeting with Cruz and the legend:

“Felix shared our last photo of Lexi – in her child-sized coffin – as we requested. @tedcruz to protect his constituents by supporting a federal ban on assault weapons. He refused. Instead, he said he supported increasing law enforcement presence on school campuses.

Cornyn, who also opposes such a ban, touted the benefits of the bipartisan package he helped pass into law.

In an interview Wednesday, Cornyn said he hadn’t studied the details of Cruz’s latest proposal, but noted that the package he had already adopted included significant resources for mental health and school safety.

“I’m not sure more money on top of that is necessarily the answer,” Cornyn said.

Longtime former Republican, now Democrat, and candidate for San Francisco City College Board of Trustees, in Hot Water Over Tweet Opposing Critical Race Theory Mon, 12 Sep 2022 21:35:59 +0000

A November election candidate for the City College of San Francisco board of trustees posted controversial opinions condemning critical race theory, often referred to as CRT, in a since-deleted tweet.

The revelation on Twitter of an earlier comment by board candidate Marie Hurabiell is now prompting a Democratic club in the city to reopen talks about their endorsement for her, the club president told KQED.

In the tweet, which was posted in May 2021, Hurabiell wrote, “CRT was a tactic used by Hitler and the KKK.” These were not his words; instead, Hurabiell was amplifying a speaker’s remarks at a school board meeting in Loudoun County, Virginia.

A screenshot of a now-deleted tweet from board nominee Marie Hurabiell posted in May 2021. (Twitter)

Then Hurabiell added, in his own words, “Gratitude to this strong and passionate parent for fighting this dangerous nonsense.”

Critical Race Theory is an academic school of thought that teaches how racism is embedded in United States systems and policies. He entered the national spotlight last year as a bogeyman of Tories seeking to castigate local school boards. The starkly critical theory of race on school campuses is part of a number of efforts by conservatives to reform school boards across the country over the past year, including banning books promoting racial equity and LGBTQ+ themes.

Outrage against the CRT is usually reserved for screeds on ultraconservative sites like Breitbart, or on President Donald Trump’s social network, Truth Social. It’s certainly not a daily topic of conversation in liberal San Francisco.

The Virginia school board meeting came amid heated rhetoric against then-gubernatorial candidate Glenn Youngkin’s critical theory of race. After winning the race, Youngkin issued an executive order to end “inherently divisive concepts,” which he touted as a way to end the teaching of critical race theory in K-12 schools. .

Fanning the flames against critical race theory was at the heart of Republicans in his race, but in Democratic San Francisco, Hurabiell may have found a sympathetic ear for those opinions from people wanting to recall several local school board members.

In the deleted tweet, Hurabiell tagged numerous accounts, including a San Francisco Board of Education recall account called @recallsfboe that belongs to a group now called the SF Guardians. This group worked to successfully recall school board commissioners Gabriela López, Alison Collins and Faauuga Moliga.

“I think that was a really stupid thing that I said,” Hurabiell told KQED. “I think it was really stupid that I retweeted it and I’m extremely sorry for that.”

Hurabiell said she believes systemic racism is a “real problem” in the country.

“In my life, I haven’t spent much time digging into CRT, but I’m trying to understand it better now,” she said. “I’m always open to being wrong.”

When asked if she usually calls things she doesn’t know “dangerous nonsense,” she replied, “I don’t routinely talk about things I’m not very familiar with.”

Hurabiell is an eighth-generation San Franciscan and has been a lawyer since the 1990s. She also serves on the board of trustees of Georgetown University. A strong supporter of the campaigns to remove the three members of the San Francisco Board of Education and District Attorney Chesa Boudin, she is also a member of the nonprofit organization Stop Crime SF, which was started by the presidential candidate. Supervisory Board Joel Engardio.

Adele Failes-Carpenter, political director of the City College of San Francisco faculty union, AFT Local 2121, said Hurabiell’s views are out of step with the college’s mission.

“We need public education to keep our commitment to ending racism central to our work,” she said. “Anyone who participates in open and reactionary attacks on critical examinations of the history of race and racism in this country is not in a position to help us do this work.”

Hurabiell has been endorsed by at least two local Democratic clubs in her run so far this year: the Eastern Neighborhoods Democratic Club and the United Democratic Club. These endorsements can be especially important in political races that don’t have as much funding, such as short-ballot college board races.

When contacted by text message, Eastern Neighborhoods Democratic Club President Bruce Agid said he was unaware of Hurabiell’s critical race theory tweet and would discuss his point. of view with the board of directors of his club. Bobak Esfandiari, chairman of the United Democratic Club, did not respond to text messages asking for the club’s endorsement of Hurabiell.

Failes-Carpenter said clubs should reconsider their endorsements.

“I would ask them to stand with students and public educators who are committed to fighting racism within our public institutions and within our educational institutions, not endorsing and supporting openly hostile candidates. anti-racist analyzes and anti-racist teaching,” she said.

Hurabiell’s endorsement by two Democratic clubs may be an odd choice for another reason: For two decades, Hurabiell was a Republican. She was appointed to the Presidio Trust board, where she served for three years, by former President Donald Trump in 2018.

Records from the San Francisco Department of Elections show she had been a registered Republican in San Francisco since at least 2000, which is as far back as more readily available records could reveal. She changed her party preference to Democrat on August 18, 2022 – six days after filing paperwork to run for the City College of San Francisco board of trustees.

San Francisco Democratic Party President Honey Mahogany said the organization’s bylaws don’t specify how long a person must be registered as a Democrat before a Democratic club can endorse them. Additionally, Democratic clubs are allowed to endorse anyone from any party in nonpartisan races, such as for the City College board of trustees.

Hurabiell reportedly had an uphill battle to run as a Republican in San Francisco, where the party is heavily disadvantaged in local elections.

San Francisco has no elected Republicans in power. The last Republican elected in San Francisco was the late James Fang, who previously served on BART’s board of directors. He was first elected in 1990 and served until his defeat in 2014.

Hurabiell said she changed her party membership after joining a group called ‘No Labels’ and finding moderate Democrats who agreed with her on issues but didn’t like her being known as a member. of the Republican Party.

“We just wanted to solve problems. We just wanted to work together and make positive changes in our community,” she said.

The San Francisco Chronicle praised Hurabiell during her 2020 run for the college board of trustees — which she lost — endorsing her for her “tax savvy.” Indeed, in her interview with KQED, she said she wants to put City College on a financially solvent path and expressed concern that too many courses still offered are under-enrolled.

When Hurabiell said she didn’t know much about CRT, we asked her if she believed in other progressive causes that might be enjoyed at City College, like the Black Lives Matter movement.

“I’m not sure I fully understand this move,” she said, repeating her same explanation for having no position on CRT. While George Floyd’s death left her “disgusted and devastated,” she said, “I want to say yes to that, but again, I’m not sure I understand enough.”

Responding to Hurabiell’s repeated claims of not understanding both the CRT and the Black Lives Matter movement, Jane Kim, state director of the California Working Families Party – who championed and won City College’s free tuition during her tenure on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors – bristled.

“Look, it’s one thing for an individual in our society or to say they don’t know much about critical race theory or Black Lives Matter, but if you’re a candidate running to represent over 800,000 people in San Francisco, many of whom are people of color, so I think it’s your job to understand those things,” Kim said. “If you don’t understand the black community, the Latino community, the API community, then you shouldn’t run for office.”

Greenwich official just a foot soldier Sat, 10 Sep 2022 15:40:37 +0000

Recently, a vice principal in Greenwich, Connecticut was filmed admitting that he only hires progressive teachers. He explained that he will not hire rigid Catholics, nor older teachers who are too set in their ways, to fulfill his mission of progressive teaching.

In Greenwich, he’s probably an outlier. I should know. I live in Greenwich and have a second year student in the school system. He’s had two great teachers and is just getting started with a seemingly very promising third.

Yet the issue is not a Greenwich issue. This is a national issue, specifically a Beltway issue. The national teachers unions headquartered in Washington, D.C., and the Biden administration very clearly promote a leftist agenda. The unions and Biden are doing everything they can to inject critical race theory (CRT) into public schools across the country, despite all their protests to the contrary.

Just months after the Biden administration began in April 2021, the federal Department of Education placed a proposed rule on the Federal Register stating that when awarding federal grants for American history education and in civics, it would prioritize federal grants for teachers. training and classroom instruction to projects that “integrate anti-racist practices into teaching and learning”.

The proposed rule cited the work of one of the most radical progressives as the authoritative basis for the rule: “As the scholar Ibram X. Kendi has expressed… ‘Anti-racist ideas hold that racist policies are the cause racial inequality.'” Kendi is infamous for many inflammatory statements such as “The only cure for racial discrimination is anti-racist discrimination”. Apparently Professor Kendi has never heard the old adage that two wrongs don’t make a right.

Moving on to the National Teachers Unions, we see the National Education Association passing a resolution at its 2021 annual meeting: “The NEA will provide an already-created in-depth study that criticizes empire, white supremacy, anti-Blackness , anti-Indigeneity, racism, patriarchy, cisheteropatriarchy, capitalism, ableism, anthropocentrism and other forms of power and oppression at the intersections of our society, and that we oppose attempts to ban critical race theory and / or the 1619 Project.” Needless to say, “criticizing” is tantamount to rejection, and opposing a CRT ban is tantamount to promoting the CRT.

For its part, the American Federation of Teachers distributes to school districts free books from First Books, a non-profit organization, which itself handles the free distribution of Professor Kendi’s books.

Greenwich’s deputy director is just an infantryman in a war being waged from Washington, DC A recent column in the Wall Street Journal provides insight into the system of distributing generals from education in DC to infantrymen in the field. As one might imagine, there seems to be a constellation of consultants pushing the ideology, offering training, and handing out educational materials on the CRT and other elements of the extreme progressive agenda.

The Journal reported on a Pennsylvania school district that contracted with Pacific Education Group for teacher training. The district denied a parent’s request for a copy of the training materials until he sued in federal court and won.

Even after losing the lawsuit and after the training materials became public, the district asserted that “no ‘course, program, or program’ in the district ‘teaches critical race theory’.”

The Journal reviewed the material and concluded that the teachers were clearly trained in CRT. The Journal observed that school districts may “think they can drive parents away by making a distinction between teacher training and curriculum.” Then, Le Journal got to the heart of the matter with a rhetorical question: “But what is the use of teacher training if not to inform teachers about how they should teach?

It is clear that the CRT and associated radical ideological theories are not bubbling up in a groundswell from the American base. He is being force-fed from Washington, DC.

It’s popping up everywhere: math education in California; school staff in Washington State; in New York’s elite schools; in Loudoun County, Virginia, and Rhode Island; and many other places too numerous to list.

Washington, DC progressives are leading this push to use public schools as centers of indoctrination. Additionally, they triggered the dispatch of federal law enforcement to “investigate” parents who push back. The Washington-based National School Boards Association did so by sending a letter to Attorney General Garland. Yet when the NSBA withdrew its letter, Garland did not call back the FBI.

Teaching a theory so controversial and divisive that it must be disseminated throughout the school system primarily “under cover of obscurity” – that is, masked by denial that it is present or embraced and taught – is not something parents should defend. Parents whose parental rights and authority are overridden by progressives and teacher unions should push back vigorously.

School Districts Become Less Inclusive: What Next? – Trinitonian Thu, 08 Sep 2022 22:41:47 +0000

The Grapevine-Colleyville Independent School District (GCISD) in North Texas is notorious for several things: racist jokes against Hispanic students, the firing of their first black principal, and the recent enactment of a policy prohibiting any discussion of sexuality, pronouns, gender identity and racial discrimination, including the role of slavery in the United States. After spending twelve years in this school district, I’m always disappointed to read a new headline about them walking away from a tolerant environment. No one wants their former school district to be known for its discrimination and intolerance, but the problem goes far beyond just a tarnished legacy.

The new policy, adopted in late August, effectively prohibits instructors from teaching that “the advent of slavery in the territory that is now the United States was the true foundation of the United States” or “any idea, belief…link to…’critical race theory'” or that “gender fluidity” even exists. The policy continues to prevent students from using a bathroom other than the one designated for their biological sex, discourages the use of pronouns other than those assigned at birth, and prevents teachers from communicating anything about sexual orientation to children under grade 6. These points stack on top of each other, making GCISD schools an unwelcoming place for many marginalized students in the name of “protecting children” and strengthening their education.

However, this problem does not come from nowhere and is not isolated. GCISD schools have never been the friendliest. I remember growing up hearing slurs thrown around casually, gay being used as a slur and students who were visibly gay and/or trans faced with ridicule, both to their face and behind their backs. However, not only does this prejudice persist, but it has been codified in the very doctrines that define the way in which teachers present information to students.

Other schools across the country are facing the same problems. A 2019 study found that over 90% of LGBTQ+ middle and high school students in the United States grew up hearing negative comments about their sexuality or identity and viewed these comments as detrimental to their mental health. Another study found that 1.6 million students in the 2018-2019 school year experienced hate speech, most of which was related to their race or ethnicity. Across the country, children are growing up isolated because of their identity. The codification of this isolation limits their ability to understand or be understood, both now and much later in life.

The primary sources of early childhood socialization – or learning the basics of how to interact with the society around us – are family and school. Forcing schools to ban ideological discussions deprives children of the chance to get used to the world around them and to learn to accept themselves. However, some schools are going in the opposite direction, requiring students to receive education about race and sexual orientation as part of their curriculum. These schools express that if children learn these identities, not only will they show more tolerance towards others, but they will also feel safer themselves. These children enter the rest of their lives with the tools to accept themselves and show compassion to anyone different from them. They go to college with an open mind and enter the workforce thinking about more than just them. LGBTQ+ students and students of color feel less isolated in these spaces because they are taught that their identity is part of the norm, not the exception. They don’t grow up isolated, hearing derogatory remarks about who they are.

There is too much good potential in teaching about race and sexual orientation in elementary schools to let it go. GCISD is just one unfortunate example of school boards giving in to fear of “critical race theory” or LGBTQ+ activists indoctrinating their children. If we want to create a more tolerant and self-accepting population, we must ensure that these policies do not go unnoticed and that there are remedies to limit learning. GCISD students have already taken action by organizing a walkout to protest the new transphobic policies. We can also keep these policies in mind, so that when we vote for school boards – or maybe even are lucky enough to be on a school board – we have the ability to advocate for policies that encourage the emotional and mental growth of all, not just the majority.

]]> The Beautiful Game Theory – using math to resolve human conflict Sat, 03 Sep 2022 14:15:00 +0000


The mathematics of game theory is used to predict outcomes in conflict situations. Now it is adapted thanks to big data to solve very controversial problems between people and the environment.

Game theory is a mathematical concept that aims to predict outcomes and solutions to a problem in which parties with conflicting, overlapping or interacting interests.

In ‘theory’, the ‘game’ will lead everyone to an optimal solution or ‘balance’. It promises a scientific approach to understanding how people make decisions and reach compromises in real-life situations.

Game theory was born in the 1940s in the field of economics. The Oscar-winning film A Beautiful Mind (2001) chronicles the life of mathematician John Nash (played by Russell Crowe), who received the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1994 for his work in this field.

Although the concept has been around for many decades, the difference now lies in the ability to integrate it into algorithms, games and computer applications to apply it more widely, said Professor Nils Bunnefeld, social scientist and studies at the University of Stirling, UK. This is especially true in the age of big data.

“Game theory as a theoretical idea has been around for a long time to show solutions to problems of conflict,” he said. “We really see the potential of moving this to a computer to make the most of the data that can be collected, but also to reach a lot more people.”

Custody conflicts

Professor Bunnefeld led the EU-backed ConFooBio project, which applied game theory to scenarios where people were in conflict over resources and the environment. His team wanted to develop a model to predict solutions to conflicts between food security and biodiversity.

“The starting point was that when we have two or more parties in disagreement, what should we do, for example, with land or natural resources? Should we produce more food? Or should we protect a certain area for biodiversity? he said.

The team focused on seven case studies, ranging from conflicts involving farmers and the conservation of geese in Scotland to those involving elephants and crop raiding in Gabon.

ConFooBio has organized more than 300 games workshops with more than 900 people in many places, including Gabon, Kenya, Madagascar, Tanzania and Scotland.

Ecological challenges

Professor Bunnefeld realized that it was becoming necessary to take a step back from pure game theory and instead build more complex games to incorporate the ecological challenges the world is currently facing, such as climate change. climatic. It also became necessary to adopt a more human approach than initially planned, to better target the games.

“Participants included people directly involved in these disputes, and in many cases who were very unhappy, Professor Bunnefeld said.

“Through the games, we have achieved strong engagement from communities, even those where conflict is high and people may be reluctant to engage in research. We have shown that people are able to resolve conflict when they trust each other and have a say, and when they receive adequate payment for conservation efforts.

The team developed a modeling framework to predict the outcomes of wildlife management during times of conflict. Available for free, it has been downloaded thousands of times from the ConFooBio website.

conservation game

The researchers also created an accessible conservation game called Crops vs. Creatures, in which players decide between a range of options from shooting creatures to allocating habitat for conservation.

Professor Bunnefeld hopes these types of games will become more available on a consumer basis via app stores – such as the one on Biodiversity Conflict and Energy Justice in a separate initiative he is working on called Beacon Project. “If you tell people you have an exciting game or you have a complex model, which one are they going to engage with?” I think the answer is quite simple,” he said.

‘In the ConFooBio project, we were able to show that our new models and algorithms can adapt to new situations and respond to environmental and social changes,’ Prof Bunnefeld added. “Our models are useful for suggesting ways to manage conflicts between stakeholders with competing goals.”

Social Media Dynamics

Another project, Odycceus, harnessed elements of game theory to investigate what social media can tell us about social dynamics and potentially aid in the early detection of emerging social conflict.

They analyzed the language, content and opinions of social media discussions using data tools.

Such tools are needed to analyze the vast amount of information in public discourse, explained Eckehard Olbrich, Odycceus project coordinator and physicist at the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in Science in Leipzig, Germany.

His work is partly motivated by trying to understand the reasons for the polarization of opinions and the growth of populist movements like the far-right organization Pegida, which was founded in his hometown of Dresden in 2014.

The team created a variety of tools accessible to researchers through an open platform known as Penelope. These include Twitter Explorer, which allows researchers to visualize connections between Twitter users and news topics to help understand evolving societal debates.

Others included two participatory apps known as Opinion Observatory and Opinion Facilitator, which allow people to monitor the dynamics of conflict situations, for example by helping to link news articles containing related concepts.

Polarization models

“These tools have already allowed us to better understand polarization patterns and understand different worldviews,” Olbrich said.

He said, for example, that his team succeeded in developing a model of the effect of social feedback on polarization that incorporated ideas from game theory.

The results suggest that the formation of polarized groups online was less about the traditional concept of social media bubbles and echo chambers and more about how people construct their identities by gaining peer approval.

He added that connecting the dots between game theory and polarization could have real applications for things like how best to regulate social media.

“In a game theory formulation, you start with player incentives, and they select their actions to maximize their expected utility,” he said. “It predicts how people would change their behavior if, for example, you regulated social media.”

Olbrich added that he hopes such modeling can provide a better understanding of democracy and debates in the public sphere, as well as point people to better ways to participate in public debates. “We would then have better ways of dealing with the conflicts that we have and need to resolve,” he said.

But using game theory in real-world situations also presents significant challenges, Olbrich explained.

Diverse Perspectives

For example, incorporating cultural differences into game theory has proven difficult because such differences can mean that two people have wildly different ways of approaching a problem.

‘The problem with game theory is that it looks for solutions to how a problem can be solved,’ Professor Bunnefeld added.

“Having looked at conflict over the past few years, it’s clear to me that we can’t resolve conflict, we can only manage it.” The integration of factors such as climate change and the local context is also complex.

But game theory is a useful way to explore patterns, games and applications for managing conflict, he said. ‘From its very simple basics to quite complex situations, game theory is a good entry point,’ said Professor Bunnefeld.

“It gives us a framework that you can work in and also captures people’s imaginations.”

The research in this article was funded by the European Research Council of the EU and originally published in Horizonthe European magazine for research and innovation.

With superconducting diodes, researchers advance work towards ultra-efficient quantum electronic devices Tue, 30 Aug 2022 13:30:14 +0000

Originally, the concept of a superconducting diode was predicted with an external magnetic field, which has some fundamental limitations. In the new experiments at Brown, Li’s team created an extremely powerful diode effect without a magnetic field. When turning on an electric current in one direction, the system almost immediately becomes a resistance, while it remains a superconductor in the opposite direction.

The system creates a unique situation with a diode effect without an external magnetic field in a single superconductor. The results support a hypothesis theorized by study co-author Mathias Scheurer, a theoretical physicist at the University of Innsbruck in Australia, that superconductivity and magnetism can co-exist in a system composed of three twisted graphene layers. against each other. The system can generate its own internal magnetic field, creating a diode effect.

Additionally, the team was able to reverse the direction of the diode using a simple electric field.

“The demonstration of the field-free diode effect in a homogeneous superconductor creates a wonderful opportunity to explore the possible application of a device, Li said. “And the additional experimental control we demonstrated adds more possibilities. to design a programmable diode array without dissipation.”

A promising material

The diode effect was produced using graphene, a material made up of a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb. Stacking multiple layers of graphene leads to completely new properties, including the ability of three layers of graphene twisted against each other to conduct electrical current without loss. This has been demonstrated in previous experiments conducted by Li and his collaborators.

The fact that a superconducting diode effect can exist without an external magnetic field in this system has important implications for studying the complex physical behavior of twisted three-layer graphene. It demonstrates the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetism.

“Superconductivity and ferromagnetism generally occupy opposite ends of the material spectrum,” said Jiang-Xiazi Lin, postdoctoral researcher at Brown and one of the study’s lead authors. “The coexistence between these two quantum phases is rare, and it is almost synonymous with exciting physics.”

Phum Siriviboon, who conducted research in Li’s lab as an undergraduate and earned a bachelor’s degree from Brown in May 2022, was the study’s other lead author: “This is the first time that the coexistence between superconductivity and ferromagnetism is observed in two dimensions. materials,” Siriviboon said. “Our result establishes a new method to study the interaction between superconductivity and ferromagnetism.”

The team’s latest research demonstrates that the observed diode effect not only has technological relevance, but also has the potential to improve understanding of fundamental processes in many-body physics. Li and Scheurer, along with Harley D. Scammell of the University of New South Wales, published the theoretical basis for this phenomenon in a 2022 paper. This theoretical work indicates the next stage of the team’s work, which is to examine the dependence of the superconducting diode effect when electric currents flow in different directions.

“Phum and Jiang-Xiazi have been a wonderful team working together,” Li said. essential.”

This story was written by Pete Bilderback and based on content provided by the University of Innsbruck.

Marvel Theory – Captain America: New World Order is a multiverse movie that will bring back Chris Evans as a variant of Steve Rogers Sun, 28 Aug 2022 11:36:22 +0000

The Marvel Cinematic Universe is now set to welcome a new Captain America in its fourth film, Captain America: New World Order and fans have been eagerly waiting to see a new look since he appeared in the uniform of The Falcon and the Winter Soldier. Captain America 4 was officially announced on the same day as the season finale of The Falcon and the Winter Soldier back in 2021.

Captain America by Chris Evans

Also Read: Anthony Mackie Starring in Captain America 4: Confirmed Reports!

New world order certainly involved a theory, but does that leave a chance for Steve Rogers’ return? The answer could be yes. In January 2021, some sources reported that Marvel Studios and Chris Evans were planning some sort of secret deal for him to reprise the role of Steve Rogers.

Is Chris Evans in Captain America: New World Order?

Captain America: New World Order, Sam Wilson
Captain America: New World Order, Sam Wilson

Captain America: New World Order will be the 36th MCU film and the twelfth installment of Phase 5. Previously, THR also speculated that “It’s unclear if Chris Evans would reprise his role as the first #CaptainAmerica (although if the question of who gets to wear the shield continues, all bets are off). It’s also possible that Chris Evans will return as a variant of his original character, even evil or surreal.

You May Also Like: 14 Ways Captain America Has Changed Radically Since His 1940s Introduction

Rumors of Chris Evans returning are nothing new and it started in 2021, Deadline also reported that the actor is set to reprise his role in some form or another. Other theories also explain the plot of the New world order and the threat Sam will face could be a potential reason why Chris Evans will return as Steve Rogers. Although Chris Evans previously said he won’t be playing the part again, that doesn’t mean he can’t appear in Captain America: New World Order. We will not see him in a main role but a cameo is possible, he could appear in a critical moment to help the protagonists.

Captain America: New World Order Could Feature A Return Of Chris Evans As A Variant Of Steve Rogers

Captain America: New World Order Could See Chris Evans Return
Captain America: New World Order Could See Chris Evans Return

After joining the MCU in 2011, Chris Evans opened up his incredibly successful journey as Captain America in less than a decade. He wore Steve Rogers as one of the franchise’s best-known characters, but it all ended in 2019. Avengers: Endgame. After that, Sam Wilson became Captain America in The Falcon and the Winter Soldier, since then, rumors have swirled that the return of Chris Evans is not so impossible. He knows fans would love to see him more, which could hold a place for him to return as Captain America in some form.

Check Out: Chris Evans Explains Why Sam Wilson Should Be The Next Captain America

Captain America: New World Order will be released on May 3, 2024.

Source: YouTube

University orientations indoctrinate students in critical race theory, says Free Speech Group Wed, 24 Aug 2022 17:15:41 +0000

The first classes freshmen take this year are likely to be dominated by leftist ideology, a new report reveals.

A study of 50 US colleges by free speech activist group Speech First found that freshman orientations function effectively as political indoctrination sessions.

“These orientation programs overwhelmingly cover issues related to Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI), while attention to students’ free speech rights on campus – or the role of diversity of viewpoints in campus/academic health – is strikingly absent,” the group said. report bed.

Speech First collected college guidance materials from 50 schools, using Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests.

Parents concerned about critical race theory brought home these buttons from a school board activist training on January 19, 2022 in Sarasota, Florida. (Alexis Spiegelmann)

After evaluating the curricula, the group found that the vast majority of schools promoted leftist ideas.

About 91% of schools focused on topics related to diversity, equity and inclusion, Speech First wrote.

While around 30% mentioned ‘freedom of expression’ and ‘diversity of viewpoints’.

However, this difference fails to capture the extent to which the focus on DEI topics has dominated free speech topics, the report notes.

In the slideshows, schools had 3.71 times more DEI material than free speech material. In materials, schools had 4.9 times more DEI information, and in orientation videos, they had 7.37 times more.

“Our public universities are failing to provide incoming students with a foundation of respect for free speech, open speech, and civic education,” Speech First wrote.

“Instead, they focus exhaustingly on issues around race, sexual orientation, gender identity and the guilt of incoming students in a culture of political correctness.”

In first-year orientations, some of the schools surveyed gave students surprising advice.

“‘Where do you come from?’ is micro-aggression, a Northern Kentucky University orientation video told students.

The video added, “‘I don’t see race’ means you don’t recognize someone’s identity” and that “If you haven’t been to a drag show yet, we’re going to make sure you have this opportunity.”

The video was titled “Creating an Inclusive Community”.

Orientation at the State University of New York at New Paltz required students to take the Implicit Association Test (IAT), a controversial test that claims the ability to reveal unconscious racism.

The University of California at Irvine encouraged students to take the IAT.

The University of Las Vegas provided freshmen with handouts defining “bias” as “a tendency to believe that some ideas are better than others.”

Silence and cowardice

When students encounter orientations that promote ideas like these, they react with cowardice, Speech First noted.

“Often they feel so outnumbered, so worried that their ideas and questions might get them in trouble or destroy their college experience/career, that they can’t find the courage to speak up.”

But the students weren’t the only ones reluctant to go public with their speeches, Speech First wrote.

“We have seen significant resistance from universities to cooperate and provide the records we have requested, even though they are obligated to do so in a timely manner under state freedom of information laws,” wrote the group.

Resistance from schools meant that Speech First’s project took nearly a year, he said.

“We know we are only scratching the surface of universities’ attempts to coach and guilt students into viewing themselves as potential enemies in an effort to suppress dissenting voices,” the report said.

To pressure schools to encourage free speech during orientations, Speech First suggested that students anonymously submit objectionable orientation content to the group’s infoline.

“The Freshman Orientation Tip Line will continue to expose universities’ harmful attempts to avoid transparency and their accountability to their student communities, parents and the academy,” the group wrote.

Schools Speech First has reported on include: Boise State University, California State University-Northridge, City University of New York-Hunter, Evergreen State College, Fort Lewis College, George Mason University, Georgia Institute of Technology, Indiana University-Bloomington , James Madison University, Kent State University, Louisiana State University, Michigan State University, Missouri State University, Montana State University, North Carolina State University, Northern Kentucky University, Ohio State University, Oregon State University, Portland State University, Rutgers University, State University of New York-Buffalo, State University of New York-New Paltz, Towson University, Univ. of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, University of Alaska-Anchorage, University of California-Irvine, University of California-Los Angeles, University of Central Florida, University of Central Missouri, University of Colorado-Bulder, University of Illinois-Chicago, University of Iowa, University of Kansas, University of Louisiana, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, University of Michigan, University of Minnesota, University of Mississippi, University of Nebraska, University of Nevada-Las Vegas, University of Nevada-Reno, University of New Mexico , University of Oklahoma, University of Texas-Arlington, University of Texas-Austin, University of Washington, University of Wisconsin, University of Wyoming, Utah State University, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and Virginia State University.

Jackson Elliot


Jackson Elliott reports on small town America for The Epoch Times. He learned to write and research the truth at Northwestern University. He believes that the most important actions are small and that, as Dostoyevsky says, everyone is responsible for everyone and everything. When he’s not writing, he enjoys running, reading and spending time with friends. Contact Jackson by emailing