Critical Theory – Radical Philosophy Sat, 18 Sep 2021 07:29:15 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Critical Theory – Radical Philosophy 32 32 Governor Greg Abbott signs tougher anti-critical racial theory law Fri, 17 Sep 2021 22:09:07 +0000

Gov. Greg Abbott enacted a bill that seeks to ban further critical race theory from Texas classrooms, even after educators and advocacy groups fought the move for months.

The new law, signed Friday without fanfare, prohibits teaching certain concepts about race; develops a civic training program for teachers; and largely prevents schools from giving credit to students for their advocacy work. He also urges educators to teach only that slavery and racism are “deviations” from the founding principles of the United States.

It aims to strengthen Texas law passed in May that seeks to eliminate critical race theory from schools. The new law will come into force on December 2.

Theory is an academic framework that examines how policies and laws support systemic racism. Texas teachers and education officials statewide have repeatedly insisted that critical race theory is not part of the K-12 curriculum.

But Republican leaders have said Texas needs to ensure critical rhetoric of racial theory stays out of public schools.

“I think Critical Race Theory and the belief in Critical Race Theory creates racial disharmony in the United States,” Representative Steve Toth, R-The Woodlands said last month. Toth was among the lawmakers pushing to fix the issue.

Advocates fear that attempts to curb critical race theory will hamper efforts by schools to address inequalities in classrooms and teachers’ abilities to discuss current events and social issues.

During this summer’s debate on the bill, Representative Ron Reynolds of the City of D-Missouri said the bill openly attempts to censor teachers and “whitewash our history.”

Many are concerned about the vague language of the law.

Representative Vikki Goodwin, D-Austin, said in August that teachers should be given the flexibility to be able to nurture and engage with students’ interests in what is happening outside of school.

“Helping students make connections between what they read in books and what they see in the public arena is something we should celebrate in our education system,” she said, “not something something we should be discouraging “.

The DMN Education Lab deepens coverage and conversation on pressing education issues critical to the future of North Texas.

The DMN Education Lab is a community-funded journalism initiative, with support from The Beck Group, Bobby and Lottye Lyle, Communities Foundation of Texas, The Dallas Foundation, Dallas Regional Chamber, Deedie Rose, The Meadows Foundation, Solutions Journalism Network , Southern Methodist University and Todd A. Williams Family Foundation. The Dallas Morning News retains full editorial control of Education Lab journalism.

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Chaos erupts over critical race theory at Virginia school board meeting – NBC4 Washington Fri, 17 Sep 2021 04:19:45 +0000

Another local school board meeting unfolded with parents yelling at each other and security and police emptying the hall on Wednesday night.

Those challenging their belief that critical racial theory is taught in schools spoke out at the Prince William County School Board meeting on Wednesday evening.

There were no arrests or injuries, but Prince William County School Board Chairman Babur Lateef said they cleaned the room to prevent a scuffle.

“The fact that I have to worry about someone getting hurt at a school board meeting is ridiculous, and everyone in the country should be ashamed of it,” Lateef said.

NBC News recently analyzed more than 30 school districts nationwide that have faced bitterness over racial equity issues and found that all of them have less white student populations.

“The CRT has now become the new issue that people think they can rally around to accomplish a certain political agenda,” Lateef said.

He said Prince William County public schools had never taught critical race theory.

The subject was not on the meeting’s agenda.

Vaccine requirements for school staff were the order of the day, and they were adopted. Staff must be fully immunized by November 1 or submit negative COVID-19 tests weekly.

“Our goals are to reduce the quarantine days for all faculty, staff and teachers, and we believe this is the best way to do it,” Lateef said.

Ensuring the safety of students, teachers and the school is the board’s top priority at this time.

Lateef said it was hampered when parents went wild at public meetings.

The Prince William County School Board has also changed its public consultation rules to allow more time for people to address the board, but it is also reserving half that time for matters the board is discussing that evening.

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Lincoln University professor talks critical race theory Wed, 15 Sep 2021 04:35:49 +0000

Lincoln University political science professor Darius Watson spoke about critical race theory on Tuesday at the Jefferson City Evening Rotary Club meeting.

Watson said he has been teaching critical breed theory for about 20 years. Race, he said, is only one aspect of critical theory – and it is the only one that is suddenly subject to widespread controversy.

Critical theory, developed in the 1930s, is inspired by Marxist ideas. It examines and challenges the prevailing social, economic and political structures. The Oxford Dictionary defines critical theory as “a philosophical approach to culture” which “seeks to confront the social, historical and ideological forces and structures which produce and constrain it”.

Critical theory can be analyzed through many perspectives, such as the perspective of work, the perspective of gender, the perspective of sexuality, and the perspective of religion.

“It’s not black people against the world,” Watson said. “Everyone engages in critical theory.”

Critical Race Theory is a decades-old academic framework that examines how race and racism influence politics, culture, and the law. It centers on the idea that racism is systemic and not simply the product of prejudice or individual prejudice.

Critical Race Theory, along with all other critical theories, is a way to think critically and examine how structures, narratives, and social constructs are created, Watson said.

“All of critical breed theory holds that this dynamic, this creation of knowledge, has existed in the United States from the start,” Watson said.

For example, when Africans came to America, they became slaves and their identities changed. When the Civil War ended, he became African American, shaping the identity of African Americans today.

From an African American perspective, Critical Race Theory is a way to understand how race has affected black people in America. For others, it is sometimes seen as an attempt to rewrite history and blame whites or label all white Americans as racists.

“As a political scientist, I kind of laugh because I feel like both sides are taking a deeper look at the story,” Watson said.

Watson said he believed another reason for the controversy was that it raised issues such as privilege. But white privilege is a systemic concept.

“The only reason we have white privilege as a dominant concept in this society is because white people have dominated economic systems,” he said. “If Africans had gone to England and enslaved a group of English people and brought them here, and the rest of the United States was going as we know history, we would be talking about black privilege.”

Critical Race Theory examines racism from a systems perspective. For example, whites in America own about 99% of private property in America, and blacks only own about 0.6%. This fact lends itself to a critical analysis of racial theory.

“It’s the legacy of discrimination, Jim Crow laws and segregation,” Watson said. “I can’t explain today’s inequalities just by looking at it today.”

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Riverside Legislator’s Ethnic Studies Bill on Newsom’s Desk – Again – Press Enterprise Sat, 11 Sep 2021 00:37:02 +0000

Will the third time be the charm of making ethnic studies a requirement for high school graduation in California?

On Wednesday, September 8, the California legislature sent Assembly Bill 101 to Governor Gavin Newsom’s office. If he enacted it, high school students in the state, starting with the class of 2030, would be required to take an ethnic studies course to graduate. Ethnic studies classes are expected to be offered in secondary schools from the 2025-2026 school year.

Assembly member Jose Medina D-Riverside is hoping to pass his ethnic studies bill on the third attempt. (Courtesy photo)

The bill is the brainchild of Assembly Member Jose Medina, D-Riverside, a former teacher of ethnic studies at Poly High School in Riverside and a former member of the Jurupa School Board.

This is not Medina’s first tour with the problem.

He first introduced a bill to make ethnic studies a requirement for high school graduation in 2018, two years after Gov. Jerry Brown signed a 2016 bill requiring that the State creates ethnic studies program. Brown vetoed a draft Ethnic Studies graduation bill in 2018, and Newsom vetoed a second in 2020.

“The third time is the charm,” said Medina on Friday, September 10. “I think the governor will sign it.”

Getting the right ethnic studies program has proven difficult. Earlier versions were accused of being anti-Semitic and excluding various minority communities. After four years, the state board of education approved a model ethnic studies curriculum in March. The program examines the stories and contributions of Asians, Blacks, Latin Americans, and Native Americans, as well as lessons about American Arabs, American Jews, Pacific Islanders, and American Sikhs.

But criticism that earlier versions of the program were anti-Semitic have not completely disappeared. On Thursday, September 9, the Amcha Initiative, which opposes the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement on college campuses, called on Newsom to veto AB 101.

“Despite the efforts of the Jewish Legislative Caucus and some Jewish organizations, the reality is that there is no way these amendments could prevent anti-Semitic programs like the First Draft or even the more overtly anti-Semitic Liberated program from finding their way. in California. classrooms, ”reads part of an Amcha press release. “The only way to ensure that these anti-Semitic programs do not end up in classrooms on a large scale is for the governor to veto this bill, which we urge him to do.”

Medina noted on Friday that the Assembly’s Jewish Caucus supported the bill, as did many other Jewish groups.

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But there are additional challenges in getting the bill signed, even since last fall, when Newsom vetoed the second version of an Ethnic Studies Graduation Requirements Bill.

For starters, the governor now faces a possible recall on Tuesday, September 14. He may want to avoid signing bills that could prompt critics to vote in favor of the recall.

“The recall election is almost perfectly timed to avoid controversy over pending legislation,” Marcia Godwin, professor of public administration at the University of La Verne, wrote on Friday. “There is no incentive for him to signal his support or opposition until September 14.”

And Critical Race Theory, a graduate and law school theory that examines how the American legal system is shaped and shapes race relations in the country, has been a hot topic in conservative media, often amalgamating with further discussions on race or racism by educators with theory.

Shortly after the bill was passed through the legislature, two of Newsom’s potential successors attacked the ethnic studies program as a critical race theory.

“The legislature has just passed a bill to make CRT a requirement for graduation,” said Kevin Kiley, Assembly Member, R-Granite Bay, wrote on Twitter. “Two years ago, even Gavin Newsom called the program ‘offensive in many ways’.

Kiley is vice chairman of the assembly education committee and a former English teacher at a public high school.

“My education plan ends the teaching of critical race theory in California,” Republican John Cox said in a press release that said if elected he would veto the project law of Medina. “We need to get politics out of the classroom. Children need to be in school to learn reading, writing, math and other skills to be successful in life.

Medina rejected this criticism.

“Most people have waited a long time for this to be implemented,” he said. “This whole discussion of critical right-wing race theory is a red herring. It really has nothing to do with this legislation and what ethnic studies intend to do.

Newsom must sign bills passed by the legislature by October 10 to become law on January 1. Last year, Newsom wrote that he wanted to sign this session’s version of the bill, but was concerned that the ethnically developing curriculum was not yet sufficiently balanced, equitable or inclusive. But he signed a bill of 2020 that requires Cal State University students to take an ethnic studies course to graduate, starting with the class of 2025.

Newsom should finally sign the bill, according to Jack Pitney, professor of American politics at Claremont McKenna College.

“Newsom is likely to win big. The result is also likely to make him a big favorite for re-election in 2022, ”Pitney wrote in an email Friday. “He has a lot of political capital and doesn’t have to be afraid of such a problem.”

Medina said he also believed Newsom would sign his bill, based on prior discussions with the governor on earlier versions of the bill and conversations with those close to him.

“Good things happen to those who wait,” Medina said.

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Another Response to Critical Race Theory Editorials | Letters to the Editor Wed, 08 Sep 2021 06:15:00 +0000

I want to add to the recent, goodwritten rebuttals to Monzo editorials.

Claiming to define the expression of critical breed theory for readers of the Herald in its first op-ed, Monzo is simply typing in a term introduced to the general public by a man named Christopher Rufo, a conservative activist who used the phrase on Fox News in September 2020.

What is Critical Race Theory? It was, for most of its existence, a concept taught in law school courses as a means of examining the intersection of race and American law, challenging the dominant, ironically, liberal approaches of racial justice. I pulled this straight from Wikipedia, just as Monzo claims he did.

During his appearance on the Tucker Carlson show in 2020, Rufo called on President Trump to end the federal government’s critical race theory training.

Trump quickly took the bait and signed an executive order banning diversity training in federal departments. This decree has since been canceled by the new administration.

In his own words, Rufo has publicly stated that his purpose in using this obscure term is to create a negative connotation. To quote Rufo, “The point is to get the public to read something crazy in the newspaper and immediately think of critical breed theory.”

He did a good job of creating panic over the school curriculum. What is included in the NJ teaching standards to combat prejudice is not a critical theory of race, but there is an incentive to make it think and think it in negative terms to influence opinion. and votes.

Now Monzo is acting as Rufo’s local spokesperson and fueling the flames by calling the term Marxist. This is simply not true, but a political fear tactic.

Since when has teaching correct history and fairness in school become such a political pawn? The NJ law will simply add to the learning standards concepts that all children should learn if this society is to ever achieve equality and real fairness.

Monzo declares in his second op-ed that equality means that all people have the same treatment under the law.

Anyone who believes that equality and fair outcomes are somehow accessible to everyone in this country is either naive or desperately trying to retain the privilege and power that comes from spreading this lie.

The Declaration of Independence did not grant equal opportunities to all, as he also states. Many of those residing in the new United States – women, blacks, and indigenous peoples – were just a few excluded from this original document. Future laws to address these omissions have been under-enforced or deliberately circumvented for decades.

One need only look at the fact that the Equal Rights Amendment, giving women the same rights as men and still not fully ratified or amended to the U.S. Constitution, to understand that not all Americans have a equal access.

By printing Monzo’s editorial as “journalism,” the Herald helps to perpetuate a false narrative.

We have seen time and time again that the words question, and it is time for those who recognize the spread of disinformation to speak up.

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Letters: opposing points of view can coexist; Too Critical of Racial Theory | Letters Sat, 04 Sep 2021 07:30:00 +0000

Recently someone posted a Confederate monument sign at the roundabout at the end of East Fire Tower Road (where it intersects with Portertown Road). The purpose of the sign was to encourage Pitt County Commissioners – who violated Chapter 100 of the North Carolina Law, “Monuments, Memorials and Parks” – to return the Confederate monument they removed from the land. from the Pitt County Courthouse in June 2020.

However, the sign is not the subject of this letter. The purpose of this letter is a celebration of the First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States. The last time I traveled to this area, the initial sign of the Confederate monument was joined by a sign of protest. The two panels displayed opposing views but they were both still in place. Both opinions have been posted. Neither party disturbed the other’s sign.

These signs were an encouragement to the principle of free speech, spelled out in the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Although the First Amendment talks about the actions of our Congress, there is a provision that prohibits “restricting freedom of speech”. (See above)

Our example sign emphasizes the spirit of this First Amendment provision. How much better would America be if a return to civil discourse was allowed by the public? No screaming, no swearing, no violence; just reasonable people sharing their points of view with a respectful civility at the base. Unfortunately, in today’s world, the complete lack of civility ensures that no one wins.

Too critical of racial theory

According to Wikipedia, Critical Race Theory (CRT) is a body of legal scholarship and academic movement of American civil rights scholars and activists who seek to critically examine the intersection of race and American law and to challenge dominant US liberal approaches to racial justice. Further, CRT argues that the laws and legal institutions in the United States are inherently racist. Unfortunately, too many Donald Trump supporters have organized themselves to disrupt school board meetings and threaten board members and superintendents. Such intimidation prompted some CRT supporters to resign out of fear.

The CRT debate recently left a pernicious impression on the proceedings at a meeting of the Pitt County Board of Education. Board member James Tripp was right when he said, “I think we’re moving forward if we’re looking for a resolution for something we haven’t even had a problem with. I think our teachers are more professional than what I hear we give them. The remarks were in response to board members Worth Forbes and Benjie Forrest supporting a resolution to stop referrals from CRT schools in their tracks. Why would Forbes and Forrest take such an approach?

At the aforementioned meeting, Forbes reportedly said, “I don’t think our kids need to hear this. I know I don’t want my grandchildren to learn this and I’m sure there are a lot of parents out there who don’t want their kids to come home with a project that tries to downplay their race or promote a other race. … ”This is the same Worth Forbes who earned an MA in Theological Studies at Liberty University, founded by Jerry Falwell Sr. in 1971. Falwell, in the 1950s and 1960s, campaigned against Martin Luther King Jr. and racial desegregation of school systems.

I believe that educational experiences often influence the thinking of those who are exposed to various academic environments.

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Debate Continues Over Republican Efforts To Limit Critical Race Theory Wed, 01 Sep 2021 09:11:15 +0000

A bitter debate continues this week over critical race theory in Texas classrooms.

In Austin, state lawmakers are debating a bill that would require school districts to publish a list of all their educational materials. Houston Democrat Harold Dutton told a committee on Tuesday he would not let them vote on the bill, which aims to challenge critical race theory.

Many parents fear that terms such as “race” and “fairness” are being used to promote CRT, a controversial academic framework that often assumes there is systemic racism within the law. Mary Grabar, who has written extensively against CRT, says parents need to be aware of what their children are learning, as these terms are often overlooked by bureaucrats and academics.

“They keep changing the name or they think they can change it and people won’t know the difference or are too ignorant to disprove it,” Grabar said. “But they just need to be vigilant and call him out.”

Melissa Martin of Innovative Teachers of Texas agrees that parents need to take the initiative to learn about their child’s program.

“If parents are still worried, maybe they need to keep an eye on what’s going on in English classes,” Martin said. “Because some of these [terminology] can flow through literature.

As of Wednesday, a new state law states that teachers cannot be compelled to teach CRT. They also cannot be forced to discuss current events. Still, some Republicans say more legislation is needed to ensure transparency.

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“It felt like I had never done it before”: how Sally Rooney wrote again Sat, 28 Aug 2021 08:00:07 +0000

With her closest friends, she will exchange ideas on climate change, economic inequalities and who broke with whom, all in the same breath. “It would be artificial to try to reproduce a kind of silos that I don’t feel in my real life,” she said.

For Rooney, intimacy and ideology go hand in hand. That is, you cannot fully understand Felix and Alice’s relationship, or that of Eileen and Simon, without understanding their relative positions within the social order around them.

So, yes, she does have opinions on the Dublin housing crisis, but even if she didn’t, “as a novelist,” she said, “I just have to engage with reality. of the housing market, because the characters have to live somewhere. They have to go home, put a key in the door and live.

Rooney thinks it’s an “evasion” to say that she writes just because she’s not good at anything else. (She told the Irish Independent in 2018.) “You don’t have to be really good to try to make a difference in the world,” she said. “You could just be mediocre and try anyway, and I’m not.”

Instead, she’s written a novel that tries to justify not just herself, but novel writing, period.

What comes down, for her – and for Henry James and the Victorians, and even Felix – is an intrinsic and transformative value of the aesthetic experience. “I want to live in a culture where people make art, even if everything else falls apart,” Rooney said. “It gives meaning to my life. “

In “Beautiful World”, one evening, Eileen tells Simon about an exciting scene on the phone in which an imaginary woman takes off all her clothes and he sleeps with her. “I live for the detail,” Eileen told him. “You paint a compelling picture,” Simon said, moments before he had an orgasm.

The two figures, at each end of the line, are rinsed, breathing heavily; perhaps the reader is even feeling something. Because at the end of the world, when there is only one left, we will still be moved, despite everything, by history.

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OC Education Council Hosts Second Ethnic Studies Panel; Problems of misinformation persist Tue, 24 Aug 2021 15:09:02 +0000

The Orange County Board of Education will hold its second Ethnic Studies Forum this evening at 6 p.m. after the first event last month was criticized that panelists were stacked to speak out against the classes.

Ethnic Studies courses are designed to teach the history, culture, plight, and contributions of people of color in the United States.

The forum takes place amid a heated debate that has taken place across the country and in Orange County over how US history is taught and what aspects of it have been left out of. side in the curriculum so far.

“The goal is education,” board chair Mari Barke said in a telephone interview on Monday. “So many people don’t know what Critical Race Theory is, how it differs from ethnic studies, how it’s related, is it in the curriculum, right. This is the opportunity to educate the public. “

[Read: OC Board of Education Hosts Forum as Heated Debate Over Ethnic Studies Continues]


The second forum will include a different set of panelists, depending on the meeting agenda:

Horton was also featured as a panelist at the Orange County Education Department’s own ethnic studies forum days before the council’s first event in July. Kaplan was originally supposed to attend the first forum, but was later replaced.

Moderator Joe Collins (center) and administrators from the Orange County Board of Education listen to panelists during their Ethnic Studies Forum on July 27, 2021. Credit: LUPITA HERRERA, Voix d’OC

Critics said the first forum was biased against ethnic studies because many of the panelists chosen by the council had no training in the program.

Theresa Montaño, one of the original panelists of the First Forum and a professor of Chicana / Chicano studies at Cal State Northridge, left the forum a day before the council event.

She cited the lack of expertise and the one-sided nature of a majority of panelists as the reason for dropping out.

[ Read: Ethnic Studies Professor Drops Out of County Board of Education Forum Over Fellow Panelists ]

“It was very disappointing for her to give up the day before,” said Barke. “It was disappointing not to hear it directly from her… I think it would have been good for her to come to the forum and voice her concerns.”