Albert Einstein’s sanctuary from the Nazis was a Norfolk log cabin

The little-known story of how genius Jewish physicist Albert Einstein sheltered from the Nazis in a secluded log cabin in Norfolk has been told in a new book.

The legendary scientist was kept safe by armed guards in the cabin at Roughton Heath, near Cromer, for three weeks in 1933 after fleeing Germany following Adolf Hitler’s rise to power.

Einstein had been invited to stay in the house by its owner, Tory MP Oliver Locker-Lampson.

He remained the guest of Commander Locker-Lampson for three weeks before emigrating to the United States, where he claimed asylum and lived for the rest of his life.

The story of their relationship is told by author Stuart McLaren in his book Saving Einstein: How Norfolk Hid a Genius – The Double Life of Oliver Locker-Lampson.

The little-known story of how brilliant Jewish physicist Albert Einstein sheltered from the Nazis in a secluded log cabin in Norfolk, which belonged to Tory MP Oliver Locker-Lampson (left), has been told in a new book. Above: Einstein outside the cabin with Locker-Lampson and an armed guard

The legendary scientist was kept safe by armed guards in the cabin at Roughton Heath, near Cromer, for three weeks in 1933 after fleeing Germany following Adolf Hitler's rise to power.

The legendary scientist was kept safe by armed guards in the cabin at Roughton Heath, near Cromer, for three weeks in 1933 after fleeing Germany following Adolf Hitler’s rise to power.

During the time of the Nazis’ rise to power, Einstein was famous around the world after winning the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921.

He had published his famous theory of relativity in November 1915.

He transformed theoretical physics and astronomy and continues to support scientists’ understanding of the universe.

However, Einstein was forced to leave Germany after Hitler’s new government passed laws prohibiting Jews from holding positions, including teaching positions in universities.

His published works were targeted at book burning ceremonies, while a German magazine put a $ 5,000 bounty on his head because it put him on a list of Jews who were “not yet”. hanged ”.

Einstein’s house in Berlin has also been raided several times by the Gestapo.

To escape persecution, he first moved to the United States, but then returned to Europe and briefly rented a house in Belgium before staying with Commander Locker-Lampson.

Jacob Epstein sculpted his famous bust of Einstein when the scientist was staying in the Cromer cabin.  Above: The pair pose with their creation

Jacob Epstein sculpted his famous bust of Einstein when the scientist was staying in the Cromer cabin. Above: The pair pose with their creation

Mr McLaren writes in his book: “Being Jewish in itself would have been enough to attract their hatred, but being also a renowned and revered intellectual who was not afraid to criticize them put him at the top of their list of enemies. “

The Daily Mail reported on Einstein's stay in Cromer in 1933

The Daily Mail reported on Einstein’s stay in Cromer in 1933

Locker-Lampson offered Einstein’s sanctuary but, because it was believed that allowing him to stay in his family’s large summer house in Cromer would be too dangerous, it was decided that he would be hidden in a hut in a holiday camp on the nearby moor.

There he continued to work and received a visit from artist Jacob Epstein, who sculpted his famous bust of the scientist.

Recounting Epstein’s stay in his book, McLaren describes how the physicist received a personal butler and enjoyed drinking milk from the neighboring herd of goats.

“Throughout the day, two young women dressed in riding boots, jodhpurs and polo shirts could be seen walking around with guns slung over leather thongs,” he wrote.

“Another man, impeccably transformed into full gamekeeper’s outfit and sometimes accompanied by a dog, could have been spotted, especially at dawn and dusk, his double-barreled shotgun to his shoulder like a sentry guard.

“From one of the huts, the smell of cooking periodically wafted through the camp, followed by the eerie sight of a waiter in a black tailcoat and white gloves walking cautiously on the grass carrying a tray of tea. ‘loaded money.

While in Cromer, Einstein sunbathed and enjoyed milk from a nearby herd of goats, while being guarded at all times by armed women and men.  Above: The scientist poses with Locker-Lampson, who is seated on a horse

While in Cromer, Einstein sunbathed and enjoyed milk from a nearby herd of goats, while being guarded at all times by armed women and men. Above: The scientist poses with Locker-Lampson, who is seated on a horse

“From another hut came the incongruous sound of live music being played on a piano.

“At other times, the horn of a winding gramophone projected the hoarse sound of classical music, most likely of the favorite composers of Einstein, Bach and Mozart.

He then vividly describes how Einstein spent his time sunbathing and enjoying his surroundings.

Amid it all, a slightly stocky middle-aged man with a sloppy mane of graying hair seemed to be the center of everyone’s attention as he lounged outside in an armchair, often shirtless, while he would soak up the late summer sun or stroll around the camp, sometimes stopping to talk to a small herd of nurse goats or to stroke a sleepy-looking horse changing flies with its tail.

Einstein stayed in a hut at summer camp because it was felt it wasn't safe enough for him to be in the Locker-Lampson family summer home

Einstein stayed in a hut at summer camp because it was felt it wasn’t safe enough for him to be in the Locker-Lampson family summer home

“At other times, he could have been seen inside one of the huts, scribbling, pulling on his pipe, a messy pile of papers and notebooks scattered on a chart table and spilling out on the floor. ”

After his stay at the Secret Camp, Einstein returned to the United States and became a United States citizen in 1940.

He worked at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey until his retirement from the post in 1945.

Later in his life, he spoke out against the use of atomic weapons after the United States dropped two on Japan at the end of World War II.

He died at the age of 76 in April 1955. A blue plaque was affixed to Cromer in 2005 to commemorate Einstein’s stay.

EINSTEIN’S GENERAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY

Albert Einstein (pictured) published his theory of general relativity in 1915

Albert Einstein (pictured) published his theory of general relativity in 1915

In 1905, Albert Einstein determined that the laws of physics are the same for all observers without acceleration, and that the speed of light in a vacuum is independent of the motion of all observers – known as the theory of Relativity.

This revolutionary work introduced a new framework for all physics and proposed new concepts of space and time.

He then spent 10 years trying to include acceleration in theory, eventually publishing his theory of general relativity in 1915.

This determined that massive objects cause distortion in spacetime, which is experienced as gravity.

In its simplest form, it can be thought of as a giant rubber sheet with a bowling ball in the center.

In the photo, the original historical documents related to Einstein's prediction of the existence of gravitational waves, shown at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem

In the photo, the original historical documents related to Einstein’s prediction of the existence of gravitational waves, shown at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem

As the ball deforms the sheet, a planet bends the fabric of space-time, creating the force that we feel is gravity.

Any object that approaches the body falls towards it due to the effect.

Einstein predicted that if two massive bodies came together, it would create such a large ripple in space-time that it should be detectable on Earth.

This was recently demonstrated in the hit movie Interstellar.

In a segment that saw the crew visit a planet that was falling under the gravitational grip of a huge black hole, the event significantly slowed down time.

The crew on the planet barely aged while those on the ship were decades older when they returned.

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